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Two Buildings Are in Front of Each Other on a Road of Width 15 Meters. from the Top of the First Building, Having a Height of 12 Meter, the Angle of Elevation of the Top of the Second Building is 30° - Geometry

ConceptHeights and Distances

Question

Two buildings are in front of each other on a road of width 15 meters. From the top of the first building, having a height of 12 meter, the angle of elevation of the top of the second building is 30°.What is the height of the second building?

Solution

Let AB and CD be the two building standing on the road.
Suppose the height of the second building be h m.

Here, AB = 12 m, BD = 15 m, ∠CAE = 30º and AE ⊥ CD.
CE = CD − ED = (h − 12) m            (ED = AB)
AE = BD = 15 m
In right ∆AEC,
$\tan30^\circ = \frac{CE}{AE}$
$\Rightarrow \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} = \frac{h - 12}{15}$
$\Rightarrow h - 12 = \frac{15}{\sqrt{3}} = 5\sqrt{3}$
$\Rightarrow h = \left( 12 + 5\sqrt{3} \right) m$
Thus, the height of the second building is

$\left( 12 + 5\sqrt{3} \right)$ m.
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Solution Two Buildings Are in Front of Each Other on a Road of Width 15 Meters. from the Top of the First Building, Having a Height of 12 Meter, the Angle of Elevation of the Top of the Second Building is 30° Concept: Heights and Distances.
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