Show that the diagonals of a parallelogram divide it into four triangles of equal area.
We know that diagonals of parallelogram bisect each other.
Therefore, O is the mid-point of AC and BD.
BO is the median in ΔABC. Therefore, it will divide it into two triangles of equal areas.
∴ Area (ΔAOB) = Area (ΔBOC) ... (1)
In ΔBCD, CO is the median.
∴ Area (ΔBOC) = Area (ΔCOD) ... (2)
Similarly, Area (ΔCOD) = Area (ΔAOD) ... (3)
From equations (1), (2), and (3), we obtain
Area (ΔAOB) = Area (ΔBOC) = Area (ΔCOD) = Area (ΔAOD)
Therefore, it is evident that the diagonals of a parallelogram divide it into four triangles of equal area.
In the following figure, ABC is a right triangle right angled at A. BCED, ACFG and ABMN are squares on the sides BC, CA and AB respectively. Line segment AX ⊥ DE meets BC at Y. Show that:-
(i) ΔMBC ≅ ΔABD
(ii) ar (BYXD) = 2 ar(MBC)
(iii) ar (BYXD) = ar(ABMN)
(iv) ΔFCB ≅ ΔACE
(v) ar(CYXE) = 2 ar(FCB)
(vi) ar (CYXE) = ar(ACFG)
(vii) ar (BCED) = ar(ABMN) + ar(ACFG)
Note : Result (vii) is the famous Theorem of Pythagoras. You shall learn a simpler proof of this theorem in Class X.
In a ΔABC, P and Q are respectively the mid-points of AB and BC and R is the mid-point
of AP. Prove that :
(1) ar (Δ PBQ) = ar (Δ ARC)
(2) ar (Δ PRQ) =`1/2`ar (Δ ARC)
(3) ar (Δ RQC) =`3/8` ar (Δ ABC) .
In a ΔABC, if L and M are points on AB and AC respectively such that LM || BC. Prove
(1) ar (ΔLCM ) = ar (ΔLBM )
(2) ar (ΔLBC) = ar (ΔMBC)
(3) ar (ΔABM) ar (ΔACL)
(4) ar (ΔLOB) ar (ΔMOC)
In the given figure, ABCDE is a pentagon. A line through B parallel to AC meets DC produced at F. Show that
(i) ar (ACB) = ar (ACF)
(ii) ar (AEDF) = ar (ABCDE)