ConceptTriangles on the Same Base and Between the Same Parallels

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#### Question

In the following figure, ABC is a right triangle right angled at A. BCED, ACFG and ABMN are squares on the sides BC, CA and AB respectively. Line segment AX ⊥ DE meets BC at Y. Show that:-

(i) ΔMBC ≅ ΔABD

(ii) ar (BYXD) = 2 ar(MBC)

(iii) ar (BYXD) = ar(ABMN)

(iv) ΔFCB ≅ ΔACE

(v) ar(CYXE) = 2 ar(FCB)

(vi) ar (CYXE) = ar(ACFG)

(vii) ar (BCED) = ar(ABMN) + ar(ACFG)

Note : Result (vii) is the famous Theorem of Pythagoras. You shall learn a simpler proof of this theorem in Class X.

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