In a triangle ABC, E is the mid-point of median AD. Show that ar (BED) = 1/4ar (ABC).
AD is the median of ΔABC. Therefore, it will divide ΔABC into two triangles of equal areas.
∴ Area (ΔABD) = Area (ΔACD)
⇒ Area (ΔABD) = 1/2Area (ΔABC)... (1)
In ΔABD, E is the mid-point of AD. Therefore, BE is the median.
∴ Area (ΔBED) = Area (ΔABE)
⇒ Area (ΔBED) = 1/2Area (ΔABD)
⇒ Area (ΔBED) = 1/2*1/2Area (ΔABC) [From equation (1)]
⇒ Area (ΔBED) = 1/4Area (ΔABC)