Diagonals AC and BD of a quadrilateral ABCD intersect at O in such a way that ar (AOD) = ar (BOC). Prove that ABCD is a trapezium.
A villager Itwaari has a plot of land of the shape of a quadrilateral. The Gram Panchayat of the village decided to take over some portion of his plot from one of the corners to construct a Health Centre. Itwaari agrees to the above proposal with the condition that he should be given equal amount of land in lieu of his land adjoining his plot so as to form a triangular plot. Explain how this proposal will be implemented.
In the given figure, ABCDE is a pentagon. A line through B parallel to AC meets DC produced at F. Show that
(i) ar (ACB) = ar (ACF)
(ii) ar (AEDF) = ar (ABCDE)
P and Q are respectively the mid-points of sides AB and BC of a triangle ABC and R is the mid-point of AP, show that
(i) ar(PRQ) = 1/2 ar(ARC)
(ii) ar(RQC) = 3/8 ar(ABC)
(iii) ar(PBQ) = ar(ARC)
- Mathematics Textbook for Class 9