D, E and F are respectively the mid-points of the sides BC, CA and AB of a ΔABC. Show that
(i) BDEF is a parallelogram.
(ii) ar (DEF) = 1/4ar (ABC)
(iii) ar (BDEF) = 1/2ar (ABC)
P and Q are respectively the mid-points of sides AB and BC of a triangle ABC and R is the mid-point of AP, show that
(i) ar(PRQ) = 1/2 ar(ARC)
(ii) ar(RQC) = 3/8 ar(ABC)
(iii) ar(PBQ) = ar(ARC)
The side AB of a parallelogram ABCD is produced to any point P. A line through A and parallel to CP meets CB produced at Q and then parallelogram PBQR is completed (see the following figure). Show that
ar (ABCD) = ar (PBQR).
[Hint: Join AC and PQ. Now compare area (ACQ) and area (APQ)]
In the following figure, D and E are two points on BC such that BD = DE = EC. Show that ar (ABD) = ar (ADE) = ar (AEC).
Can you answer the question that you have left in the ’Introduction’ of this chapter, whether the field of Budhia has been actually divided into three parts of equal area?
[Remark: Note that by taking BD = DE = EC, the triangle ABC is divided into three triangles ABD, ADE and AEC of equal areas. In the same way, by dividing BC into n equal parts and joining the points of division so obtained to the opposite vertex of BC, you can divide ΔABC into n triangles of equal areas.]