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Three Cards Are Drawn Successively with Replacement from a Well Shuffled Pack of 52 Cards. Find the Probability Distribution of the Number of Spades. Hence, Find the Mean of the Distribtution. - Mathematics

Question

Three cards are drawn successively with replacement from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the probability distribution of the number of spades. Hence, find the mean of the distribtution. 

Solution

\[\text{ We have } , \]

\[p = \text{ probability of getting a spade in a draw }                = \frac{13}{52} = \frac{1}{4} \text{ and } \]

\[q = 1 - p = 1 - \frac{1}{4} = \frac{3}{4}\]

\[\text{ Let X denote a success of getting a spade in a throw . Then,}  \]

\[\text{ X follows binomial distribution with parameters n  = 3 and }  p = \frac{1}{4}\]

\[ \therefore P\left( X = r \right) = ^{3}{}{C}_r p^r q^\left( 3 - r \right) =^{3}{}{C}_r \left( \frac{1}{4} \right)^r \left( \frac{3}{4} \right)^\left( 3 - r \right) = \frac{^{3}{}{C}_r 3^\left( 3 - r \right)}{4^3} = \frac{27}{64}\left( \frac{^{3}{}{C}_r}{3^r} \right), \text{ where } , r = 0, 1, 2, 3\]

\[\text{ So, the probability distribution of X is given by: }  \]

\[P\left( X = r \right) = \frac{27}{64}\left( \frac{^{3}{}{C}_r}{3^r} \right), \text{ where} , r = 0, 1, 2, 3\]

\[\text{ Now } , \]

\[\text{ Mean } , E\left( X \right) = np = 3 \times \frac{1}{4} = \frac{3}{4}\]

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APPEARS IN

 RD Sharma Solution for Mathematics for Class 12 (Set of 2 Volume) (2018 (Latest))
Chapter 33: Binomial Distribution
Exercise 33.2 | 25 | Page no. 26
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Three Cards Are Drawn Successively with Replacement from a Well Shuffled Pack of 52 Cards. Find the Probability Distribution of the Number of Spades. Hence, Find the Mean of the Distribtution. Concept: Random Variables and Its Probability Distributions.
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