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Though the law gives women equal status in India, many people hold unscientific views on a woman’s innate nature, capacity and intelligence; and in practice give them a secondary status and role. Demolish this view using scientific arguments, and by quoting examples of great women in science and other spheres; and persuade yourself and others that, given equal opportunity, women are on par with men.

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#### Solution

There is no difference in the capacity of women and men as far as work, intelligence, decision making is concerned. The nature makes little difference in man and woman in their anatomy and feeling.

The nutrition content of prenatal and postnatal diet contributes a lot towards the development of human mind. If equal opportunities are afforded to both men and women, then the female mind will be as efficient as male mind.

The list of successful women from various fields is very large. Names of Kalpana Chawla, Sarojini Naidu, Madame Curie, Indira Gandhi, Margaret Thatcher, Mother Teresa, Florence Nightingale drawn from fields varying from science to sociology are very well-known to the world.

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#### RELATED QUESTIONS

Though India now has a large base in science and technology, which is fast expanding, it is still a long way from realizing its potential of becoming a world leader in science. Name some important factors, which in your view have hindered the advancement of science in India.

It is often said that the world is witnessing now a second industrial revolution, which will transform the society as radically as did the first. List some key contemporary areas of science and technology, which are responsible for this revolution.

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(a) Mass vaccination against smallpox to curb and finally eradicate this disease from the population. (This has already been successfully done in India.)

(b) Television for the eradication of illiteracy and for mass communication of news and ideas.

(c) Prenatal sex determination.

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(e) Putting artificial satellites into orbits around the Earth.

(f) Development of nuclear weapons.

(g) Development of new and powerful techniques of chemical and biological warfare.

(h) Purification of water for drinking.

(i) Plastic surgery.

(j) Cloning.

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