The Writer Carefully Builds up an Atmosphere of Loneliness and Grief in the Story. Working in Groups, Pick Out Words/ Phrases from the Story that Build up the Atmosphere. Copy the Following Table - English Communicative

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Answer in Brief

The writer carefully builds up an atmosphere of loneliness and grief in the story. Working in groups, pick out words/ phrases from the story that build up the atmosphere. Copy the following table in your notebook and complete it.

Loneliness Grief
• An old man was walking through the town, now and again drawing  his tattered clothes tighter to shield his body from the cold and biting wind
• his lonely way 
• the whole town was wrapped in deathly silence 
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Solution

Loneliness
(a) An old man was walking through the town, now and again drawing his tattered clothes tighter to shield his body from the cold and biting wind.
(b) His lonely way.
(c) Now he understood the meaning of love and separation. He could no longer enjoy the pleasure of hunting and laughing at the bewildered terror of the young Partridges bereft of their parents.
(d) A pitiable figure a century behind his time.
(e) From some houses came the sound of grinding mills and sweet voices of women singing at their work and the sounds helped him along his lonely way.
(f) Although the hunters instinct was in his very blood and bones, such loneliness had come into his life since the day Miriam had gone away.

Grief
(a) The whole town was wrapped in deathly silence.
(b) ………….and for the last five years he had no news of his daughter for whose sake alone he dragged along a cheerless existence.
(c) He reflected deeply and came to the conclusion that the whole universe is built up through love and that the grief of separation is inescapable. And seeing this, he sat down under a tree and wept bitterly.

Concept: Idioms and Phrases
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Chapter 3: The Letter - Exercises [Page 31]

APPEARS IN

CBSE Class 10 English Communicative (Literature Reader)
Chapter 3 The Letter
Exercises | Q 6 | Page 31

RELATED QUESTIONS

Rearrange the following words / phrases to form meaningful sentences:

(a) more than / are child workers / the Indian population / five per cent of /

(b) engaged / in agriculture / tens of thousands / are chiefly /

(c) work / in urban areas / many / of industries / in a variety /


Rearrange the following words / phrases to form meaningful sentences:

(a) your destiny / it / right hand / is said / your / that / is in /

(b) problems / determines / how / our personalities / with / in life / we deal /

(c) than others / can cope / some people / better / hardships / with /


Rearrange the following words and phrases to form meaningful sentences:

(a) one of / that of reading / known to / is / greatest / the / pleasures / man /

(b) a rich variety / adventure and wisdom / the / world of books / has / of /

(c) own / you / book / convenience / can enjoy / a / at your /


Make a sentence of your own using the following phrase:
‘In search of’


Match the phrases given under Column A with their meanings given under Column B:

  A B
1 Fly a flag Move quickly/suddenly
2 Fly into rage Be successful
3 Fly along Display a flag on a long pole
4 Fly high Escape from a place
5 Fly the coop Become suddenly very angry

Idioms

Here are a few sentences from the text which have idiomatic expressions. Can you say what each means? (You might want to consult a dictionary first.)

  1. Our entire class is quaking in its boots. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Until then, we keep telling each other not to lose heart. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Mr Keeping was annoyed with me for ages because I talked so much.___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Mr Keeping was trying to play a joke on me with this ridiculous subject, but I’d make sure the joke was on him.____________________________.


Here are a few more idiomatic expressions that occur in the text. Try to use them in sentences of your own.

  1. caught my eye         
  2.  laugh ourselves silly       
  3. he’d had enough
  4. can’t bring myself to  

You have read the expression ‘not to lose heart’ in this text. Now find out the meanings of the following expressions using the word ‘heart’. Use each of them in a sentence of your own.

1. break somebody’s heart

2. close/dear to heart

3. from the (bottom of your) heart

4. have a heart

5. have a heart of stone

6. your heart goes out to somebody


Colours are used to describe feelings, moods and emotions. Match the following ‘colour expressions’ with a suggested paraphrase.

(i) the Monday morning blues feel embarrassed / angry / ashamed
(ii) go red in the face feel very sick, as if about to vomit
(iii) look green sadness or depression after a weekend of fun
(iv) the red carpet the sign or permission to begin an action
(v) blue-blooded a sign of surrender or acceptance of defeat; a wish to stop fighting
(vi) a green belt in an unlawful act; while doing something wrong
(vii) a blackguard a photographic print of building plans; a detailed plan or scheme
(viii) a grey area land around a town or city where construction is prohibited by law
(ix) a white flag an area of a subject or a situation where matters are not very clear
(x) a blueprint a dishonest person with no sense of right or wrong
(xi) red-handed a special welcome
(xii the green light of noble birth or from a royal family

Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)


Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there. (para 3)


Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)


Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)


Here is sentence with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)

 


Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank?

(i) tales of _______________

(ii) coastal _______________

(iii) a piece of ______________

(iv) evergreen ______________

(v) _____________ plantations

(vi) _____________bridge

(vii) wild __________________

You may add your own examples to this list.


This text is written in an old-fashioned style, for it reports an incident more than two millennia old. Look for the following words and phrases in the text, and try to rephrase them in more current language, based on how you understand them.

  • give thee medicine for thy child

  • Pray tell me

  • Kisa repaired to the Buddha

  • there was no house but someone had died in it

  • kinsmen

  • Mark!


1. This play has been translated into English from the Russian original. Are there any expressions or ways of speaking that strike you as more Russian than English? For example, would an adult man be addressed by an older man as my darling or my treasure in an English play?

Read through the play carefully, and find expressions that you think are not used in contemporary English, and contrast these with idiomatic modern English expressions that also occur in the play.

3. Look up the following phrases in a dictionary to find out their meaning, and then use each in a sentence of your own.

(i) You may take it that

(ii) He seems to be coming round

(iii) My foot’s gone to sleep


Match, the italicised phrases in Column A with the phrase nearest meaning in Column B.
(Hint: First look for the sentence in the text which the phrase in column A occurs.)

A B
1. I was not unmindful of the fact.

(i)  had not forgotten : was aware of the fact

(ii)  was not careful about the fact

(iii)  forgot or was not aware of the fact

2. When my comrades and I were pushed to our limits

(i)  pushed by the guards to the wall

(ii)   took more than our share of beatings

(iii) felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer

3. To reassure me and keep me going

(i)    make me go on walking

(ii)  help me continue to live in hope in this       very difficult situation

(iii) make me remain without complaining

4. The basic and honourable freedoms of… earning my keep…

(i)    earning enough money to live on

(ii)    keeping what I earned

(iii)     getting a good salary


Look at the italic words in the following examples.
a. We bought their biggest basket, then set off toward town.
b. One night we came upon them in the windy and deserted square.
c. He bit his lip, then in a rather put out tone he said, 'Very well.'
d. I shook my head and turned away.

Here are a few more. Match the phrases to their meanings.

Phrases Meanings
set up to start on a journey
break down to tolerate a situation or a person
set off to lose control of your feelings and start crying
put up with to enter
put off to be faced with or opposed by
put on to start/ establish a company
come in to refuse/ reject
come across to postpone
come up against to try to get help/advice/ sympathy from someone
turn down to wear
turn in to meet or find by chance
turn to to inform on or deliver up

Now use the phrases given above to complete the following sentences.

1. The landlord was suspicious of the two men staying in his flat so he called the police and ……………. them …………….
2. Early in the morning we packed our bags and …………… for a hike over the mountain.
3. Janvi ……………………. some photographs of her grandfather in the old trunk.
4. My father ……………….. his own business 10 years ago.
5. The Bank …………………………….. Paul's request for a loan.
6. The Corporation's decision to reduce the leave of the employees …………………… a lot of opposition.


Find words or phrases from the passage that mean the same as the following.

(a) to renovate, redo, or revise (paragraph 1)
(b) trying to win the favor, preference, or goodwill of (paragraph 1)
(c) come in small numbers (paragraph 4)
(d) well-off; rich (paragraph 5)
(e) friendly (paragraph 6)
(f) wanting or enjoying expensive pleasures (paragraph 6)

 

Match the phrases in Column A with their  meanings in Column B

Column A Column B
(a) break out (i) to try to find somebody or something
(b) to look for (ii) as a rule or in general taking all relevant factors into account
(c) to take over (iii) start suddenly and strongly
(d) to go into (iv) to obtain or assume control of something, or gain control of something from somebody else
(e) on the whole (v) to begin a job or career in a particular area of activity

 


books / them / only / read / those who / will / love 


long term / on / reading / impact / has / a / one’s personality 


good / is/ for / it / substitute / a / watching TV 


is / the / it / hobbies / one / best / of


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The works of Shakespeare are the __________ of English drama.


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Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his _______ is his performance in the movie ‘Black’.


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become a real _______.


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and _______ my favourite kind of ice cream.


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a _______ for human beings.


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

give and take


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

a black eye


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

Lower than the angels


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

knock someone down


Find out the meaning of the following phrase. Use them in your own sentence.

knock someone down


Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

'Once in a blue moon'


Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

'One man army'


Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

'Once bitten twice shy'


Guess the meaning of the following idioms and phrases and use them in sentences of your own. One is done for you.

One-size-fits-all – suitable for or used in all circumstances

Statement: The wrist watches have adjustable belts, so one- size- fits- all.

'One up on'


Choose appropriate phrases/expressions from the extract given in the options and fill in the blank appropriately. 

Raj ran at a _______ to catch the train.


Discuss with your partner about the different idioms/proverbs related to word ‘tomorrow’. One is done for you

  1. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.
  2. ________________________
  3. ________________________
  4. ________________________

Find out expressions/phrases which denote, ‘going away’, from each stanza. One is given below. “Vanish in the throng”.


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

be in the money


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

win lots of money


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

for my money


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

money for old rope


Find out the meaning of the phrase given below and use them in your own sentence.

put one’s money where one’s mouth is


Rewrite the following sentence inserting the appropriate phrases in their proper form.

(to get out of, to come up, to turn on, to give in, to get into, to come down, to work out, to turn off, to give off, to give out, to work in)

Smita ___________ to her desire and _______________ her favourite toys to the poor.


Use the following idiom/phrase in sentences of your own.

look backward


Use the following idiom/phrase in sentences of your own.

look forward


Use the following idiom/phrase in sentences of your own.

let (someone) down


Use the following idiom/phrase in sentences of your own.

sign off


Fill in the blank a word or a phrase given in the brackets in their appropriate form.

The author____________ the guest at the play.


Fill in the blank a word or a phrase given in the brackets in their appropriate form.

The author’s guest was____________ through Paris.


Make a meaningful sentence by using the following phrase, in your notebook.

be afraid of


Make a meaningful sentence by using the following phrase, in your notebook.

give up


Discuss with your partner and find proverbs, idioms, or phrases of similar meaning to the one given and fill them in the stars given below:


Name the five sensory organs and provide phrases/idioms/proverbs related to them. (One is given for you.)

  1. to turn a deaf ear ____________
  2. ____________________________
  3. ____________________________
  4. ____________________________
  5. ____________________________

When different Prepositions are added to the same action verb meaning of the phrase, thus formed changes.

For example,
call out - announce
call at - visit
call for - summon
call up - make a telephone call

Try to guess the meaning of the underlined phrase and write them down.

  1. He promised me to look into the matter.
  2. He wanted to look for his lost book.

When different Prepositions are added to the same action verb meaning of the phrase, thus formed changes.

For example,
call out - announce
call at - visit
call for - summon
call up - make a telephone call

Try to guess the meaning of the underlined phrase and write them down.

  1. An epidemic of Cholera broke out in the village.
  2. The thieves broke into the apartment

When different Prepositions are added to the same action verb meaning of the phrase, thus formed changes.

For example,
call out - announce
call at - visit
call for - summon
call up - make a telephone call

Try to guess the meaning of the underlined phrase and write them down.

  1. She has to carry out her duty regularly.
  2. You must carry on trying for success

Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase

‘in front of’


Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase “to belong to”.


Look up the meanings of the following phrases under ‘dream’ and ‘sell’ in the dictionary

dream sell
dream on sell-by date
dream something away selling-point
(not) dream of doing something sell-out
dream something up selling price
look like a dream seller’s market

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

1. A fisherman, enfeebled with age, could no longer go out to sea so he began fishing in the river. Every morning he would go down to the river and sit there fishing the whole day long. In the evening he would sell whatever he had caught, buy food for himself and go home. It was a hard life for an old man. One hot afternoon while he was trying to keep awake and bemoaning his fate, a large bird with silvery feathers alighted on a rock near him. It was Kaha, the heavenly bird. “Have you no one to care for you, grandpa?” asked the bird. “Not a soul.” “You should not be doing such work at your age,” said the bird. “From now on I will bring you a big fish every evening. You can sell it and live in comfort.” True to her word, the bird began to drop a large fish at his doorstep every evening. All that the fisherman had to do was take it to the market and sell it. As big fish were in great demand, he was soon rolling in money. He bought a cottage near the sea, with a garden around it and engaged a servant to cook for him. His wife had died some years earlier. He had decided to marry again and began to look for a suitable woman.
2. One day he heard the royal courtier make an announcement. Our king has news of a great bird called Kaha,” said the courtier. “Whoever can give information about this bird and help catch it, will be rewarded with half the gold in the royal treasury and half the kingdom!” The fisherman was sorely tempted by the reward. Half the kingdom would make him a prince!
3. “Why does the king want the bird,” he asked. “He has lost his sight,” explained the courtier. “A wise man has advised him to bathe his eyes with the blood of Kaha. Do you know where she can be found?” “No…I mean …no, no…” Torn between greed and his sense of gratitude to the bird, the fisherman could not give a coherent reply. The courtier, sensing that he knew something about the bird, informed the king. The king had him brought to the palace.
4. “If you have information about the bird, tell me”, urged the king. “I will reward you handsomely and if you help catch her, I will personally crown you king of half my domain.” “I will get the bird for you,” cried the fisherman, suddenly making up his mind. “But Kaha is strong. I will need help. The king sent a dozen soldiers with him. That evening when the bird came with the fish, the fisherman called out to her to wait. “You drop the fish and go and I never get a chance to thank you for all that you‘ve done for me," he said. “Today I have laid out a feast for you inside. Please alight and come in. Kaha was reluctant to accept the invitation but the fisherman pleaded so earnestly that she finally gave in, and alighted. The moment she was on the ground, the fisherman grabbed one of her legs and shouted to the soldiers hiding in his house to come out. They rushed to his aid but their combined effort could not keep Kaha down.
5. She rose into the air with the fisherman still clinging to her leg. By the time he realised he was being carried away, the fisherman was too high in the air to let go. He hung on grimly, and neither he nor Kaha was ever seen again.

Pick out the words/phrases from the passage which are opposite in meaning to the following:

  1. Take off (Para 1)
  2. Readily (Para 4)

Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase 'to run away'.


Make a meaningful sentence by using the phrase ‘to look after’.


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