The velocity-time graph of a particle in one-dimensional motion is shown in Figure
Which of the following formulae are correct for describing the motion of the particle over the time-interval t2 to t1?
(a) x(t2) = x(t1) + v(t1)(t2–t1) + (1/2)a(t2–t1)2
(b) v(t2)= v(t1) + a(t2–t1)
(c) vAverage = (x(t2) – x(t1)) / (t2 – t1)
(d) aAverage = (v(t2) – v(t1)) / (t2 – t1)
(e) x(t2) = x(t1) + vAverage(t2 – t1) + (1/2)aAverage(t2 – t1)2
(f) x(t2) – x(t1) = area under the v–t curve bounded by the t-axis and the dotted line shown.
The correct formulae describing the motion of the particle are (c), (d) and, (f)
The given graph has a non-uniform slope. Hence, the formulae given in (a), (b), and (e) cannot describe the motion of the particle. Only relations given in (c), (d), and (f) are correct equations of motion.
As it is evident from the shape of v-t graph that acceleration of the particle is not uniform between time intervals t1 and t2. (since the given v-t graph is not straight). The equations (a), (b) and (e) represent uniform acceleration.
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