The variables involved in LPP are called ______ - Mathematics and Statistics

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The variables involved in LPP are called ______

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Solution

decision variables

Concept: Linear Programming Problem (L.P.P.)
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Chapter 2.6: Linear Programming - Q.3 (C)

RELATED QUESTIONS

Which of the following statements is correct?


Find the feasible solution of the following inequation:

3x + 2y ≤ 18, 2x + y ≤ 10, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0


Find the feasible solution of the following inequations:

x - 2y ≤ 2, x + y ≥ 3, - 2x + y ≤ 4, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0


A company produces two types of articles A and B which requires silver and gold. Each unit of A requires 3 gm of silver and 1 gm of gold, while each unit of B requires 2 gm of silver and 2 gm of gold. The company has 6 gm of silver and 4 gm of gold. Construct the inequations and find feasible solution graphically.


In a cattle breading firm, it is prescribed that the food ration for one animal must contain 14. 22 and 1 units of nutrients A, B, and C respectively. Two different kinds of fodder are available. Each unit of these two contains the following amounts of these three nutrients: 

Fodder → Fodder 1 Fodder 2
Nutrient ↓
Nutrients A 2 1
Nutrients B 2 3
Nutrients C 1 1

The cost of fodder 1 is ₹ 3 per unit and that of fodder 2 ₹ 2. Formulate the LPP to minimize the cost.


A printing company prints two types of magazines A and B. The company earns ₹ 10 and ₹ 15 in magazines A and B per copy. These are processed on three Machines I, II, III. Magazine A requires 2 hours on Machine I, 5 hours on Machine II, and 2 hours on machine III. Magazine B requires 3 hours on machine I, 2 hours on machine II and 6 hours on Machine III. Machines I, II, III are available for 36, 50, and 60 hours per week respectively. Formulate the LPP to determine weekly production of magazines A and B, so that the total profit is maximum.


A company manufactures two types of fertilizers F1 and F2. Each type of fertilizer requires two raw materials A and B. The number of units of A and B required to manufacture one unit of fertilizer F1 and F2 and availability of the raw materials A and B per day are given in the table below:

Fertilizers→ F1 F2 Availability
Raw Material ↓
A 2 3 40
B 1 4 70

By selling one unit of F1 and one unit of F2, the company gets a profit of ₹ 500 and ₹ 750 respectively. Formulate the problem as LPP to maximize the profit.


If John drives a car at a speed of 60 km/hour, he has to spend ₹ 5 per km on petrol. If he drives at a faster speed of 90 km/hour, the cost of petrol increases ₹ 8 per km. He has ₹ 600 to spend on petrol and wishes to travel the maximum distance within an hour. Formulate the above problem as L.P.P.


Solve the following LPP by graphical method:

Minimize z = 8x + 10y, subject to 2x + y ≥ 7, 2x + 3y ≥ 15, y ≥ 2, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0.


Which of the following is correct?


The maximum value of z = 10x + 6y subject to the constraints 3x + y ≤ 12, 2x + 5y ≤ 34, x, ≥ 0, y ≥ 0 is ______.


The point of which the maximum value of x + y subject to the constraints x + 2y ≤  70, 2x + y ≤ 95, x, ≥ 0, y ≥ 0 is is obtained at ______.


Solution of LPP to minimize z = 2x + 3y, such that x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0, 1 ≤ x + 2y ≤ 10 is ______.


The corner points of the feasible solution are (0, 0), (2, 0), `(12/7, 3/7)`, (0, 1). Then z = 7x + y is maximum at ______.


The half-plane represented by 3x + 2y < 8 contains the point ______.


Solve the following LPP:

Maximize z = 5x1 + 6x2 subject to 2x1 + 3x2 ≤ 18, 2x1 + x2 ≤ 12, x1 ≥ 0, x2 ≥ 0.


Solve the following LPP:

Maximize z = 6x + 10y subject to 3x + 5y ≤ 10, 5x + 3y ≤ 15, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0.


Solve the following LPP:

Maximize z = 2x + 3y subject to x - y ≥ 3, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0.


Solve each of the following inequations graphically using XY-plane:

4x - 18 ≥ 0


Solve the following LPP:

Maximize z = 4x1 + 3x2 subject to
3x1 + x2 ≤ 15, 3x1 + 4x2 ≤ 24, x1 ≥ 0, x2 ≥ 0. 


Solve the following LPP:

Maximize z =60x + 50y  subject to

x + 2y ≤ 40, 3x + 2y ≤ 60, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0.


A carpenter makes chairs and tables. Profits are ₹ 140 per chair and ₹ 210 per table. Both products are processed on three machines: Assembling, Finishing and Polishing. The time required for each product in hours and availability of each machine is given by the following table:

Product → Chair (x) Table (y) Available time (hours)
Machine ↓
Assembling 3 3 36
Finishing 5 2 50
Polishing 2 6 60

Formulate the above problem as LPP. Solve it graphically


A company produces mixers and food processors. Profit on selling one mixer and one food processor is Rs 2,000 and Rs 3,000 respectively. Both the products are processed through three machines A, B, C. The time required in hours for each product and total time available in hours per week on each machine arc as follows:

Machine  Mixer Food Processor Available time
A 3 3 36
B 5 2 50
C 2 6 60

How many mixers and food processors should be produced in order to maximize the profit?


A chemical company produces a chemical containing three basic elements A, B, C, so that it has at least 16 litres of A, 24 litres of B and 18 litres of C. This chemical is made by mixing two compounds I and II. Each unit of compound I has 4 litres of A, 12 litres of B and 2 litres of C. Each unit of compound II has 2 litres of A, 2 litres of B and 6 litres of C. The cost per unit of compound I is ₹ 800 and that of compound II is ₹ 640. Formulate the problems as LPP and solve it to minimize the cost.


A firm manufactures two products A and B on which profit earned per unit ₹ 3 and ₹ 4 respectively. Each product is processed on two machines M1 and M2. The product A requires one minute of processing time on M1 and two minutes of processing time on M2, B requires one minute of processing time on M1 and one minute of processing time on M2. Machine M1 is available for use for 450 minutes while M2 is available for 600 minutes during any working day. Find the number of units of product A and B to be manufactured to get the maximum profit.


A firm manufacturing two types of electrical items A and B, can make a profit of ₹ 20 per unit of A and ₹ 30 per unit of B. Both A and B make use of two essential components a motor and a transformer. Each unit of A requires 3 motors and 2 transformers and each units of B requires 2 motors and 4 transformers. The total supply of components per month is restricted to 210 motors and 300 transformers. How many units of A and B should be manufactured per month to maximize profit? How much is the maximum profit?


In a cattle breeding firm, it is prescribed that the food ration for one animal must contain 14, 22, and 1 unit of nutrients A, B, and C respectively. Two different kinds of fodder are available. Each unit weight of these two contains the following amounts of these three nutrients:

Nutrient\Fodder Fodder 1 Fodder2
Nutrient A 2 1
Nutrient B 2 3
Nutrient C 1 1

The cost of fodder 1 is ₹ 3 per unit and that of fodder ₹ 2 per unit. Formulate the L.P.P. to minimize the cost.


A printing company prints two types of magazines A and B. The company earns ₹ 10 and ₹ 15 on magazines A and B per copy. These are processed on three machines I, II, III. Magazine A requires 2 hours on Machine I, 5 hours on Machine II and 2 hours on Machine III. Magazine B requires 3 hours on Machine I, 2 hours on Machine II and 6 hours on Machine III. Machines I, II, III are available for 36, 50, 60 hours per week respectively. Formulate the Linear programming problem to maximize the profit.


A manufacturer produces bulbs and tubes. Each of these must be processed through two machines M1 and M2. A package of bulbs requires 1 hour of work on Machine M1 and 3 hours of work on M2. A package of tubes requires 2 hours on Machine M1 and 4 hours on Machine M2. He earns a profit of ₹ 13.5 per package of bulbs and ₹ 55 per package of tubes. If maximum availability of Machine M1 is 10 hours and that of Machine M2 is 12 hours, then formulate the L.P.P. to maximize the profit.


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Maximize : Z = 4x + 6y subject to 3x + 2y ≤ 12, x + y ≥ 4, x, y ≥ 0.


Choose the correct alternative :

Of all the points of the feasible region the optimal value of z is obtained at a point


Choose the correct alternative :

The corner points of the feasible region given by the inequations x + y ≤ 4, 2x + y ≤ 7, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0, are


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The feasible region is the set of point which satisfy.


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Z = 9x + 13y subjected to constraints 2x + 3y ≤ 18, 2x + y ≤ 10, 0 ≤ x, y was found to be maximum at the point


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Objective function of LPP is a relation between the decision variables


State whether the following statement is True or False:

LPP is related to efficient use of limited resources


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Solve the following linear programming problems by graphical method.

Maximize Z = 6x1 + 8x2 subject to constraints 30x1 + 20x2 ≤ 300; 5x1 + 10x2 ≤ 110; and x1, x2 ≥ 0.


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Maximize: z = 3x1 + 4x2 subject to 2x1 + x2 ≤ 40, 2x1 + 5x2 ≤ 180, x1, x2 ≥ 0. In the LPP, which one of the following is feasible comer point?


A solution which maximizes or minimizes the given LPP is called


In the given graph the coordinates of M1 are


The maximum value of the objective function Z = 3x + 5y subject to the constraints x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0 and 2x + 5y ≤ 10 is


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Solve the following linear programming problem graphically.

Maximize Z = 60x1 + 15x2 subject to the constraints: x1 + x2 ≤ 50; 3x1 + x2 ≤ 90 and x1, x2 ≥ 0.


The maximum value of Z = 3x + 5y, subject to 3x + 2y ≤ 18, x ≤ a, y ≤ 6, x, y ≥ 0 is ______.


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Solve the following LP.P.

Maximize z = 13x + 9y,

Subject to 3x + 2y ≤ 12,

x + y ≥ 4,

x ≥ 0,

y ≥ 0.


The optimal value of the objective function is attained at the ______ of feasible region.


The set of feasible solutions of LPP is a ______.


Solution which satisfy all constraints is called ______ solution.


Shamli wants to invest ₹ 50, 000 in saving certificates and PPF. She wants to invest atleast ₹ 15,000 in saving certificates and at least ₹ 20,000 in PPF. The rate of interest on saving certificates is 8% p.a. and that on PPF is 9% p.a. Formulation of the above problem as LPP to determine maximum yearly income, is ______.


The maximum value of Z = 9x + 13y subject to constraints 2x + 3y ≤ 18, 2x + y ≤ 10, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0 is ______.


For the following shaded region, the linear constraint are:


Solve the following problems by graphical method:

Maximize z = 4x + 2y subject to 3x + y ≥ 27, x + y ≥ 21, x ≥ 0 y ≥ 0


Solve the following LPP by graphical method:

Maximize: z = 3x + 5y Subject to:  x + 4y ≤ 24, 3x + y ≤ 21, x + y ≤ 9, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0


Two kinds of foods A and B are being considered to form a weekly diet. The minimum weekly requirements of fats, Carbohydrates and proteins are 12, 16 and 15 units respectively. One kg of food A has 2, 8 and 5 units respectively of these ingredients and one kg of food B has 6, 2 and 3 units respectively. The price of food A is Rs. 4 per kg and that of food B is Rs. 3 per kg. Formulate the L.P.P. and find the minimum cost.


Find graphical solution for the following system of linear in equation:

x + 2y ≥ 4, 2x - y ≤ 6


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