Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 11
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The Value of Lim X → 0 √ a 2 − a X + X 2 − √ a 2 + a X + X 2 √ a + X − √ a − X - Mathematics

MCQ

The value of \[\lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\sqrt{a^2 - ax + x^2} - \sqrt{a^2 + ax + x^2}}{\sqrt{a + x} - \sqrt{a - x}}\] 

Options

  • \[\sqrt{a}\] 

  • \[- \sqrt{a}\]

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Solution

\[- \sqrt{a}\] 

\[\lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\sqrt{a^2 - ax + x^2} - \sqrt{a^2 + ax + x^2}}{\sqrt{a + x} - \sqrt{a - x}}\]
\[\text{ Multiplying } \left( \sqrt{a^2 - ax + x^2} + \sqrt{a^2 + ax + x^2} \right) and \left( \sqrt{a + x} + \sqrt{a - x} \right) in N^r and D^r : \]
\[ \lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\left( a^2 + x^2 - ax - a^2 - ax - x^2 \right) \left( \sqrt{a + x} + \sqrt{a - x} \right)}{\left( a + x - a + x \right) \left( \sqrt{x^2 - ax + x^2} + \sqrt{a^2 + ax + x^2} \right)}\]
\[ \lim_{x \to 0} \frac{- 2ax \left( \sqrt{a + x} + \sqrt{a - x} \right)}{2x \left( \sqrt{a^2 + ax + x^2} + \sqrt{a^2 + ax + x^2} \right)}\]
\[ = \frac{- a\left( 2\sqrt{a} \right)}{2a} = - \sqrt{a}\]

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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 11 Mathematics Textbook
Chapter 29 Limits
Q 31 | Page 80
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