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The Triple-point of Water is a Standard Fixed Point in Modern Thermometry. Why? What is Wrong in Taking the Melting Point of Ice and the Boiling Point of Water as Standard Fixed Points (As Was Originally Done in the Celsius Scale)? - Physics

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Answer the following:

The triple-point of water is a standard fixed point in modern thermometry. Why? What is wrong in taking the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water as standard fixed points (as was originally done in the Celsius scale)?

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Solution

The triple point of water has a unique value of 273.16 K. At particular values of volume and pressure, the triple point of water is always 273.16 K. The melting point of ice and boiling point of water do not have particular values because these points depend on pressure and temperature.

Concept: Measurement of Temperature
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 11 Physics
Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of Matter
Exercises | Q 4.1 | Page 294
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