The students of a class are made to stand in rows. If 3 students are extra in a row, there would be 1 row less. If 3 students are less in a row, there would be 2 rows more. Find the number of students in the class. - Mathematics

The students of a class are made to stand in rows. If 3 students are extra in a row, there would be 1 row less. If 3 students are less in a row, there would be 2 rows more. Find the number of students in the class.

Solution

Let the number of rows be x and number of students in a row be y.

Total students of the class

= Number of rows × Number of students in a row

= xy

Using the information given in the question,

Condition 1

Total number of students = (x − 1) (y + 3)

xy = (− 1) (y + 3) = xy − y + 3x − 3

3x − y − 3 = 0

3x − y = 3 (i)

Condition 2

Total number of students = (x + 2) (y − 3)

xy = xy + 2y − 3x − 6

3x − 2y = −6 (ii)

Subtracting equation (ii) from (i),

(3x − y) − (3x − 2y) = 3 − (−6)

− y + 2y = 3 + 6

y = 9

By using equation (i), we obtain

3x − 9 = 3

3x = 9 + 3 = 12

x = 4

Number of rows = x = 4

Number of students in a row = y = 9

Number of total students in a class = xy = 4 × 9 = 36

Concept: Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 10 Maths
Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
Exercise 3.7 | Q 4 | Page 68