"The Salt March of 1930 Was the First Event that Brought Mahatma Gandhi to World Attention." Explain the Significance of this Movement for Swaraj. - History


"The Salt March of 1930 was the first event that brought Mahatma Gandhi to world attention." Explain the significance of this movement for Swaraj.



The Salt March was a significant event because it was the first event which brought Gandhi to world attention. The European and American press covered the Salt March. After the march began, the American magazine Time was deeply sceptical, but as the March progressed, Time began to publish positive reports about it. It wrote that the massive following of the march made the British rulers desperately anxious. They in fact saluted Gandhi as a ‘Saint’ and ‘Statesman’, who was using ‘Christian acts as a weapon against men with Christian beliefs’. The wide attention provided to the leadership of Gandhi during the march also made people across nations sympathetic to the national movement of India.

The Salt March was a significant event which hastened the country’s steps towards Swaraj. It was the first nationalist activity in which women actively participated in large numbers. They broke salt laws and picketed liquor shops. The participation of women made the movement stronger. The Salt March also made the British realise that their rule would not last forever and they have to give some kind of powers to Indians.

Concept: The Nature of Gandhian Politics and Leadership
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2014-2015 (March) All India Set 1


"Tomorrow we shall break the salt tax law"

On 5 Apri11930, Mahatma Gandhi spoke at Dandi :-

When I left Sabarmati with my companions for this seaside hamlet of Dandi, I was not certain in my mind that we would be allowed to reach this place. Even while I was at Sabarmati there was a rumour that I might be arrested. I had thought that the Government might perhaps let my party come as far as Dandi, but not me certainly. If someone says that this betrays imperfect faith on my part, I shall not deny the charge. That I have reached here is in no small measure due to the power of peace and non-violence: that power is universally felt. The Government may, if it wishes, congratulate itself on acting as it has done, for it could have arrested every one of us. In saying that it did not have the courage to arrest this army of peace, we praise it. It felt ashamed to arrest such an army. He is a civilised man who feels ashamed to do anything which his neighbours would disapprove. The Government deserves to be congratulated on not arresting us, even if it desisted only from fear of world opinion. Tomorrow we shall break the salt tax law. Whether the Government will tolerate that is a different question. It may not tolerate it, but it deserves congratulations on the patience and forbearance it has displayed in regard to this party... What if I and all the eminent leaders in Gujarat and in the rest of the country are arrested? This movement is based on the faith that when a whole nation is roused and on the march no leader is necessary.

(CWMG) vol. 49 Collected works of Mahatma Gandhi

  1. Why did Gandhiji start the Dandi March?
  2. Why was Salt March notable?
  3. The power of peace and non-violence are universally felt'. Why did Gandhiji said so?


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