Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 11
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The Reaction, Co(G) + 3h2(G) ↔ Ch4(G) + H2o(G) is at Equilibrium at 1300 K in a 1l Flask. It Also Contains 0.30 Mol of Co, 0.10 Mol of H2 And 0.02 Mol of H2o and an Unknown Amount of Ch4 In the Flask. Determine the Concentration of Ch4 In the Mixture. the Equilibrium Constant, Kc For the Reaction at the Given Temperature is 3.90 - Chemistry

The reaction, CO(g) + 3H2(g) ↔ CH4(g) + H2O(g) is at equilibrium at 1300 K in a 1L flask. It also contains 0.30 mol of CO, 0.10 mol of H2 and 0.02 mol of H2O and an unknown amount of CH4 in the flask. Determine the concentration of CH4 in the mixture. The equilibrium constant, Kc for the reaction at the given temperature is 3.90.

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Solution

Let the concentration of methane at equilibrium be x.

                          `CO_(g)                        +           3H_(2(g))    ↔      CH_(4(g))      +      H_2O_(g)`

At equilibrium   0.3/1 = 0.3 M       0.1/1 = 0.1 M       x      0.02/1 = 0.02 M

It is given that Kc = 3.90.

Therefore

`([CH_(4(g))][H_2O_(g)])/([CO_((g))][H_(2(g))]^3) = K_c`

`=> (x xx 0.02)/0.3 xx (0.1)^3 = 3.90`

`=> x = (3.90 xx 0.3 xx (0.1)^3)/0.02`

`= 0.00117/0.02`

= 0.0585 M

`= 5.85 xx 10^(-2) M`

Hence, the concentration of CH4 at equilibrium is 5.85 × 10–2 M.

Concept: Law of Chemical Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constant
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 7 Equilibrium
Q 34 | Page 228
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