Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka course PUC Karnataka Science Class 12
Share

# The Plates of a Capacitor Are 2⋅00 Cm Apart. an Electron-proton Pair is Released Somewhere in the Gap Between the Plates and It is Found that the Proton Reaches the Negative Plate at the Same Time - Physics

ConceptCombination of Capacitors

#### Question

The plates of a capacitor are 2⋅00 cm apart. An electron-proton pair is released somewhere in the gap between the plates and it is found that the proton reaches the negative plate at the same time as the electron reaches the positive plate. At what distance from the negative plate was the pair released?

#### Solution

Let the electric field inside the capacitor be E.

Now ,

Magnitude of acceleration of the electron, a_e = (q_eE)/m_e

Magnitude of acceleration of the proton, a_p = (q_pE)/m_p

Let t be the time taken by the electron and proton to reach the positive and negative plates, respectively.
The initial velocities of the proton and electron are zero.
Thus, the distance travelled by the proton is given by

x = 1/2 (q_pE)/(m_p)t^2                .....(1)

And, the distance travelled by the electron is given by

2-x = 1/2 (q_eE)/(m_e)t^2            ......(2)

On dividing (1) by (2), we get

x/(2-x) = ((qpE)/(mp))/((qeE)/(m_e)) = m_e/m_p = (9.1 xx 10^-31)/(1.67 xx 10^-27) = 5.449 xx 10^-4

⇒ x = 10.898 xx 10^-4 - 5.449  xx 10^-4 x

⇒ x = (10.898 xx 10^-4)/1.0005449 = 1.08 xx 10^-8  "cm"

Is there an error in this question or solution?

#### Video TutorialsVIEW ALL [1]

Solution The Plates of a Capacitor Are 2⋅00 Cm Apart. an Electron-proton Pair is Released Somewhere in the Gap Between the Plates and It is Found that the Proton Reaches the Negative Plate at the Same Time Concept: Combination of Capacitors.
S