Social Science: Events and Processes - Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation

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“The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the notion of Swaraj”. Support the statement with arguments.

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Solution

The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the notion of Swaraj. Plantation workers in Assam were kept in strict confinement and had to work for longer hours for meagre pay. Moreover, for the plantation workers, ‘swaraj’ meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined spaces and the freedom to visit their native villages. The workers after the beginning of the Non-Cooperation Movement, disobeyed the authorities, left the plantation and headed to their villages. The plantation workers believed that in the Gandhi Raj, every person would be given land in their own villages. However, they were caught by the police while on their way and were brutally beaten up. The plantation workers thus conceived the notion of swaraj in their own ways in which they thought that each of them will have freedom and land, thus ending their poverty and miseries.

Concept: Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation
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2015-2016 (March) All India Set 1

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Mahatma Gandhi's thoughts on Satyagraha

'It is said of "passive resistance" that it is the weapon of the weak, but the power which is the subject of this article can be used only by the strong. This power is not passive resistance; indeed it calls for intense activity. The movement in South Africa was not passive but active ... .'

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'Satyagraha is pure soul-force. 'Truth is the very substance of the soul. That why is this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it burns the flame of love ... Non-violence is the supreme dharma ...

'It is certain that India cannot rival Britain or Europe in force of arms. The British worship the war-god and they can all of them become, as they are becoming, bearers of arms. The hundreds of millions in India can never carry arms. They have made the religion of non-violence their own ...'

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