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The Perpendicular Ad on the Base Bc of a ∆Abc Intersects Bc at D So that Db = 3 Cd. Prove that 2 Ab 2 = 2 Ac 2 + Bc 2 - Mathematics

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Sum

The perpendicular AD on the base BC of a ∆ABC intersects BC at D so that DB = 3 CD. Prove that `2"AB"^2 = 2"AC"^2 + "BC"^2`

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Solution 1

We have

DB = 3CD

BC = BD + DC

The perpendicular AD on the base BC of a ∆ABC intersects BC at D so that DB = 3 CD. Prove that 2AC2 + BC2.

We have,

DB = 3CD

∴ BC = BD + DC

⇒ BC = 3 CD + CD

`⇒ BD = 4 CD ⇒ CD = \frac { 1 }{ 4 } BC`

`∴ CD = \frac { 1 }{ 4 } BC and BD = 3CD = \frac { 1 }{ 4 } BC  ….(i)`

Since ∆ABD is a right triangle right-angled at D.

`∴ AB^2 = AD^2 + BD^2 ….(ii)`

Similarly, ∆ACD is a right triangle right angled at D.

`∴ AC^2 = AD^2 + CD^2 ….(iii)`

Subtracting equation (iii) from equation (ii) we get

`AB^2 – AC^2 = BD^2 – CD^2`

`⇒ AB^2 – AC^2 = ( \frac{3}{4}BC)^{2}-( \frac{1}{4}BC)^{2}[`

`⇒ AB^2 – AC^2 = \frac { 9 }{ 16 } BC^2 – \frac { 1 }{ 16 } BC^2`

`⇒ AB^2 – AC^2 = \frac { 1 }{ 2 } BC^2`

`⇒ 2(AB^2 – AC^2 ) = BC^2`

`⇒ 2AB^2 = 2AC^2 + BC^2`

Solution 2


In ΔACD
AC2 = AD2 + DC2
AD2 = AC2 - DC2     ...(1)
In ΔABD
AB2 = AD2 + DB2
AD2 = AB2 - DB2     ...(2)
From equation (1) and (2)
Therefore AC2 - DC2 = AB2 - DB2
since given that 3DC = DB

DC = `"BC"/(4) and "DB" = (3"BC")/(4)`

`"AC"^2 - ("BC"/4)^2 = "AB"^2 - ((3"BC")/4)^2`

`"AC"^2 - "Bc"^2/(16) = "AB"^2 - (9"BC"^2)/(16)`

16AC2 - BC2 = 16AB2 - 9BC2
⇒ 16AB2 - 16AC2 = 8BC2
⇒ 2AB2 = 2AC2 + BC2.

Concept: Right-angled Triangles and Pythagoras Property
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APPEARS IN

Frank Class 9 Maths ICSE
Chapter 17 Pythagoras Theorem
Exercise 17.1 | Q 19

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