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Social Science: Events and Processes - Nationalist Movement in Indo- China - The Ideas Phan Boi Chau, Ho Chi Minh

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“The peace negotiations in Geneva followed the division of Vietnam that set in motion a series of events that turned Vietnam into a battle field.” Analyse the statement with agreements.

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Solution

The peace negotiations regarding Indo–China took place in Geneva in 1954 after the defeat of the French by the Vietnamese. The latter were forced to accept the division of the country which set in motion a series of events which turned Vietnam into a battle field. Vietnam was divided into North and South Vietnam. While Ho Chi Minh and communists occupied power in North Vietnam, Bao Dai’s regime occupied power in South Vietnam. The division of Vietnam into two blocks led by two different ideologies turned Vietnam into battlefields bringing death and destruction among its people. Later, Bao Dai’s regime was overthrown by Ngo Dinh Diem who was an autocrat. His dictatorial rule was opposed by the National Liberation Front who fought against Ngo Dinh Diem with the help of Ho Chin Minh. This incident was watched with suspicion by the USA, who did not want the spread of communism in the country. Later, the troops of USA entered Vietnam with an aim to contain communism. Vietnam was thus turned into a battlefield.

Concept: Nationalist Movement in Indo- China - The Ideas Phan Boi Chau, Ho Chi Minh
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