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The Patterns of Reasoning in Gayatri’S Argument Closely Resembles the Pattern of Reasoning in All of the Following Except? - Logical Reasoning

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MCQ

Gayatri: Maharana Pratap was courageous no doubt, but his forces lost to the forces of Emperor Akbar the Great in the Battle of Haldighati. The king of a region such as Mewar and the Emperor of most of the Indian sub-continent at the time cannot both be eligible for the title, ‘the Great’, given the historical context.

Ranjini: Pratap never surrendered to Akbar in his lifetime despite Akbar sending several envoys to his great rival with the offer of making him a Mughal ally. Pratap’s defiance gave other Rajput rulers the courage to refuse alliance with Akbar. The victory in the Battle of Haldighati was a hollow victory for Akbar at best. Pratap’s forces were outnumbered by Akbar’s by far in the battle, but Pratap escaped with his life and subsequently recovered much of the territory lost in the battle. Maharana Pratap the Great received recognition of his greatness from none other than Emperor Akbar the Great. The latter is known to have wept on hearing the news of his rival’s death.

The patterns of reasoning in Gayatri’s argument closely resembles the pattern of reasoning in all of the following except?

Options

  • Sir Donald Bradman is the greatest batsman to have ever played Test cricket. Sachin Tendulkar was hugely successful against most bowling attacks, but his batting average of 53.78 in test matches disqualifies him from holding the same status in Test cricket as Sir Bradman who averaged 99.9.

  • Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer are two of the greatest tennis players of all time. While Nadal has a better record against Federer when they have played against each other, Federer has won more grand slams.

  • There can be no dispute about Diego Maradona’s legendary skills as a footballer, but in terms of international football he cannot be compared with Pele because Pele scored 77 goals in 92 matches, whereas Maradona only managed 34 goals in 91 matches.

  • It is true that Maria Sharapova is a fierce competitor and has had a storied career in international tennis. However, with Serena Williams’ 19-2 head-to-head lead over Maria Sharapova, Serena is by far the most dominant woman to have played tennis and Maria Sharapova has done nothing to threaten that domination.

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Solution

Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer are two of the greatest tennis players of all time. While Nadal has a better record against Federer when they have played against each other, Federer has won more grand slams.

Explanation:

The correct answer is  – Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer are two of the greatest tennis players of all time. While Nadal has a better record against Federer when they have played against each other, Federer has won more grand slams. The pattern of reasoning observed in Gayatri’s argument is that if Akbar is given the title ‘the Great’ then Pratap cannot also be given that title since Akbar ruled over a much bigger area and Akbar’s forces defeated those of Pratap’s in the battle of Haldighati. All the options above make a case for why one of the two individuals is distinctly superior to another based on certain data points; except 'Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer are two of the greatest tennis players of all time. While Nadal has a better record against Federer when they have played against each other, Federer has won more grand slams.', in which, both individuals are sought to be placed in the same league of excellence on the basis of one data point favouring each of the two individuals.

Concept: Statement and Assumption (Entrance Exam)
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