The partially digested food coming from the stomach of a person enters a long and narrow organ A in his body. The organ A receives the secretion of two glands : liver and pancreas. Liver secretes a greenish-yellow liquid B which is normally stored in the organ C. Pancreas secretes pancreatic juice which contains three digestive enzymes D, E and F. The intestinal juice completes the process of digestion of food. The inner wall of organ A has millions of tiny finger-like projections G which help in the rapid absorption of digested food into blood stream. The undigested part of food then passes into wider tube H which absorbs most of the water from undigested food. The last part of tube H called I stores this undigested food (or waste) for some time. The undigested food is then passed out though opening J as faeces in the process known as K.
(a) Name the organ A.
(b) Name (i) liquid B, and (ii) organ C.
(c) What are the digestive enzymes D, E and F?
(d) Name the projections G present on the inner wall of organ A.
(e) Name (i) tube H (ii) part I (iii) opening J, and (iv) process K.
(a) The organ A is small intestine.
(b) (i) Liquid B is bile and (ii) organ C is gall bladder.
(c) The digestive enzymes D, E and F are amylase, trypsin and lipase, respectively.
(d) The projections G are villi that are present on the inner wall of organ A.
(e) (i) Tube H is the large intestine, (ii) part I is the rectum, (iii) opening J is the anus and (iv) the process K is egestion or defecation.
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