The longest United Nations climate talks on record have finally ended in  with a compromise deal. Exhausted delegates reached agreement on the key question of increasing the global response to curbing carbon. All countries will need to put new climate pledges on the table by the time of the next major conference in Glasgow next year. Divisions over other questions - including carbon markets - were delayed until the next gathering. After two extra days and nights of negotiations, delegates finally agreed a deal that will see new, improved carbon cutting plans on the table by the time of the Glasgow conference next year. All parties will need to address the gap between what the science says is necessary to avoid dangerous climate change and the current state of play which would see the world go past this threshold in the 2030s. Supported by the European Union and small island states, the push for higher ambition was opposed by a range of countries including the US, Brazil, India and China. However, a compromise was agreed with the richer nations having to show that they have kept their promises on climate change in the years before 2020.
The Paris Agreement came into force with effect from:
4 November 2015
4 November 2016
4 November 2017
4 November 2018
4 November 2016
The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, signed in 2016. After several European Union states ratified the agreement in October 2016, there were enough countries that had
ratified the agreement that produce enough of the world's
greenhouse gases for the agreement to enter into force. The agreement went into effect on 4 November 2016.