Advertisement Remove all ads

The Nth Term of a G.P. is 128 and the Sum of Its N Terms is 225. If Its Common Ratio is 2, Then Its First Term is - Mathematics

MCQ

The nth term of a G.P. is 128 and the sum of its n terms  is 225. If its common ratio is 2, then its first term is

Options

  • (a) 1 

  • (b) 3 

  • (c) 8 

  • (d) none of these 

Advertisement Remove all ads

Solution

\[a_n = 128, S_n = 225 \text{ and } r = 2\]
\[ a_n = 128\]
\[ \therefore a r^\left( n - 1 \right) = 128\]
\[ \Rightarrow 2^\left( n - 1 \right) a = 128\]
\[ \Rightarrow \frac{2^n a}{2} = 128\]
\[ \Rightarrow 2^n = \frac{256}{a} . . . . . . . . (i)\]
\[\text{ Also }, S_n = 225\]
\[ \Rightarrow a\left( \frac{r^n - 1}{r - 1} \right) = 225\]
\[ \Rightarrow a\left( \frac{2^n - 1}{2 - 1} \right) = 225\]
\[ \Rightarrow a\left( \frac{256}{a} - 1 \right) = 225 \left[ \text{ Using } (i) \right]\]
\[ \Rightarrow 256 - a = 225\]
\[ \Rightarrow a = 256 - 225\]
\[ \Rightarrow a = 31\]

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Advertisement Remove all ads

APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 11 Mathematics Textbook
Chapter 20 Geometric Progression
Q 12 | Page 57
Advertisement Remove all ads

Video TutorialsVIEW ALL [1]

Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×