Karnataka Board PUCPUC Science 2nd PUC Class 12

The Near Point and the Far Point of a Child Are at 10 Cm and 100 Cm. If the Retina is 2.0 Cm Behind the Eye-lens, What is the Range of the Power of the Eye-lens? - Physics

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Answer in Brief

The near point and the far point of a child are at 10 cm and 100 cm. If the retina is 2.0 cm behind the eye-lens, what is the range of the power of the eye-lens?

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Solution

Given:
Near point of the child = 10 cm
Far point of the child = 100 cm 
The retina is at a distance of 2 cm behind the eye lens.
Thus, we have:
v = 2 cm = 0.02 m
When the near point is 10 cm,
u = − 10 cm = − 0.1 m
v = 2 cm = 0.02 m
The lens formula is given by

`1/v -1/u = 1/f`

On putting the respective values, we get:

`1/f = 1/0.02 -1/((-0.1))`

=50+10=60 m

∴ Power of the lens, P = `1/f` = 60 D
Now, consider the near point 100 cm.
Here,
u = − 100 cm = − 1 m
v = 2 cm = 0.02 m
The lens formula is given by

`1/v-1/u=1/f`

Putting the values, we get:

`1/f =1/0.02 -1/((-1))`

=50+1=51

∴ Power of the lens = `1/f` = 51 D
So, the range of the power of the eye lens is from + 60 D to + 51 D

Concept: Lenses
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Chapter 19: Optical Instruments - Exercise [Page 432]

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HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 1
Chapter 19 Optical Instruments
Exercise | Q 20 | Page 432

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