The natural life span of a domesticated horse is about 25 – 30 years, 10 years down from what it was in the wild. You can tell a horse’s age from the number of teeth he has. They get all their teeth by the age of 5, after which those teeth just get longer. Horses have close to 360 degree all round vision. The only place they cannot see is directly behind or right in front of themselves, which is why it’s dangerous to stand behind a horse. If they later I it also means that they cannot see a jump once they are about four feet from it, and have to rely on memory as to its height and shape! Each of the horse’s two eyes work independently wherever a horse’s ear points is where the horse is looking. A horse is able to sleep standing up as he is able to lock his leg muscles so that he dosen’t fall asleep. Nor do all horses in the same field ever lie down at once – one animal always stands “on look out” duty.
1) What is the life span of a wild horse?
(2) Why do the horse owners cover their horse’s eyes with blinkers?
(3) What prevents a horse from falling while asleep?
(a) Falls /shorter/ the mane/ on the/ side/ legged.[Rearrange the words to make a meaningful sentence]
(b) Form antonyms by adding a prefix :
(a) They get all their teeth by the age of five. [Pick out the prepositions]
(b) If they feel something behind them they may kick. [Rewrite using ‘unless’]
(6) How have horses helped man through the ages?
(1) The life span of the wild horse is 35–40 years.
(2) Horse owners cover their horses’ eyes with blinkers to prevent them from getting distracted or startled by what they see around them.
(3) The horse can lock his leg muscles which help him from falling while asleep.
(4) (a) The mane falls on the shorter legged side.
(b) (i) able × disable
(ii) direct × indirect
(5) (a) The prepositions in the sentence are ‘by’ and ‘of’.
(b) They may not kick unless they feel something behind them.
(6) Horses have historically been useful for humans. They have helped us by hauling our heavy loads, helping us traverse great distances and ploughing our fields before the advent of technology. They have also been great pets and loyal warhorses in cavalries.