The human body has an organ A which acts as a double pump. The oxygenated blood coming from the lungs through a blood vessel B enters the upper left chamber C of the double pump. When chamber C contracts, then blood goes into lower left chamber D. The contraction of chamber D forces the blood to go into a blood vessel E which supplies oxygenated blood to all the organs of the body (except the lungs). The deoxygenated blood coming out of the body organs is taken by a blood vessel F to the right upper chamber G of pumping organ. Contraction of chamber G forces the deoxygenated blood into right lower chamber H. And finally the contraction of chamber H sends the deoxygenated blood into lungs through a blood vessel I.
(a) What is organ A?
(b) Name the blood vessel (i) B (ii) E (iii) F, and (iv) I.
(c) What are chambers (i) C, and (ii) D?
(d) What are chambers (i) G and (ii) H?
(a) Heart is the organ in the human body that acts as a double pump. Hence, organ A represents the heart.
(i) The oxygenated blood from the lungs enters the left atrium (chamber C) via the blood vessel called pulmonary vein (B). Hence, B is pulmonary vein.
(ii) The contraction of left ventricle (chamber D) forces the blood into the blood vessel called aorta (E), which supplies the oxygenated blood to the organs of the body, except the lungs. Hence, E is aorta.
(iii) From the body tissues, the deoxygenated blood is transported back to the heart into the right upper chamber called right atrium (G), by the vena cava (F). Hence, F is vena cava.
(iv) Contraction of chamber G (right atrium) forces the deoxygenated blood into the lower right chamber called right ventricle (H). Finally, the contraction of H (right ventricle), sends the deoxygenated blood into the lungs through the blood vessel called pulmonary artery (I). Hence, I represent pulmonary artery.
(i) The chamber C represents left atrium.
(ii) The chamber D represents left ventricle.
(i) The chamber G represents right atrium.
(ii) The chamber H represents right ventricle.