The horror of two World Wars, lead to the formation of United Nations Organisation, while the formation of the Non-Alignment Movement followed later. In this context, answer the following:
Explain any four factors that led to the formation of the Non- Aligned Movement.
Four factors that led to the formation of the Non- Aligned Movement were:
(i) The global tension caused by Cold War: Many newly emerged independent Asian and African nations did not want to join any of the power blocs as they realised it would hamper world peace.
(ii) Struggle against imperialism and neo-colonisation: Asian and African nations had become independent after long years of struggle against the colonial powers. They did not want the Western and European nations to dominate their foreign policy after they become a part of any bloc.
(iii) Independent foreign policy: The non-aligned members discarded the idea of any outside interference in their domestic and international affairs.
(iv) Restructuring international economic order: Most of the Asian and African countries were economically backward. They needed capital and technological know-how to improve their economic conditions. Thus, they wanted to keep themselves off from every political alliance and pursue the policy of NAM.