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The Half-life of a Radioisotope is 10 H. Find the Total Number of Disintegration in the Tenth Hour Measured from a Time When the Activity Was 1 Ci. - Physics

Sum

The half-life of a radioisotope is 10 h. Find the total number of disintegration in the tenth hour measured from a time when the activity was 1 Ci.

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Solution

Given:
Half-life of radioisotope,`T_(1"/"2)` = 10 hrs

Initial activity, `A_0` = 1 Ci

Disintegration constant, `lambda = 0.693/(10 xx 3600)  "s"^-1`

Activity of radioactive sample,

`A = A_0e^(-lambdat)`

Here, A0 = Initial activity
`lambda` = Disintegration constant
t = Time taken

After 9 hours,

Activity , `A = A_0e^(-lambdat) = 1 xx e^(-0.693/(10 xx 3600) xx 9 = 0.536` Ci

`therefore` Number of Atoms left , N = `A/lambda = (0.536 xx 10 xx 3.7 xx 10^10 xx 3600)/0.693 = 103.023 xx 10^13` After 10 hrs

Activity , A " `= A_0e^(-lambdat)`

 = `1 xx e^(-0.693/10 xx 10) = 0.5` Ci

Number of atoms left after the 10th hour (`N` ")will be

A" = `lambdaN` "

N" = A"/`lambda`

 = `(0.5 xx 3.7 xx 10^10 xx 3.600)/(0.693"/"10)`

 = `26.37 xx 10^10 xx 3600 = 96.103 xx 10^13`

Number of disintegrations  = (103.023 − 96.103) × 1013
= 6.92 × 1013

Concept: Radioactivity - Introduction of Radioactivity
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 24 The Nucleus
Q 26 | Page 443
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