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The Diagram Represents the ‘Closed System’ Or ‘Double Circulation’ of Blood in Mammals. Justify the Above Statement. State Two Structural and Two Functional Differences Between the Arteries and Veins. - Biology

Answer in Brief

The diagram represents the ‘closed system’ or ‘double circulation’ of blood in mammals.

Justify the above statement.
State two structural and two functional differences between the arteries and veins.
State the changes in the composition of blood as it passes through the following organs:
(a) Lungs (b) Gut (c) Liver (d) Kidneys.

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Double Circulation or closed system:
In human beings, the heart has double circulation as the blood passes through the heart twice.
(1) It first leaves the heart (right ventricle) and goes to the lungs and then returns to the heart (left auricle).
(2) From the left auricle, it circulates through the entire body and again returns to the heart (right auricle).
See Answer to Question 11, differentiate between.
(a) In the lungs, the blood releases carbon dioxide and picks up oxygen.
Hence before passing through the lungs, it contains more CO2 while it contains more oxygen after it has passed through the lungs.
(b) When blood passes through the gut, it absorbs digested food materials i.e., it contains more carbohydrates, proteins, fats, water, ions, and vitamins.
(c) As the blood passes through the liver, it contains more urea another waste materials.
(d) As the blood passes through kidneys, it contains less urea and other waste materials.

Concept: Pulmonary and Systemic Blood Circulation (Double Circulation)
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ICSE Class 10 Biology
Chapter 6 The Circulatory System
Diagram Based Questions | Q 14
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