The construction of large dams leads to social and environmental problems. List two problems of each category.
Social problems arise because the construction of dams causes the displacement of a large number of tribals and peasants who are then rendered homeless. They are neither given sufficient compensation or rehabilitation nor do they get any benefits from these projects.
Construction of dams leads to several environmental problems such as deforestation and loss of biodiversity because large areas of forest land get submerged in water leading to an ecological imbalance.