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The Atom of an Element X Contains 17 Protons, 17 Electrons and 18 Neutrons Whereas the Atom of an Element Y Contains 11 Protons, 11 Electrons - Science

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Short Note

The atom of an element X contains 17 protons, 17 electrons and 18 neutrons whereas the atom of an element Y contains 11 protons, 11 electrons and 12 neutrons.

  1. What type of ion will be formed by an atom of element X ? Write the symbol of ion formed.
  2. What will be the number of (i) protons (ii) electrons, and (iii) neutrons, in the ion formed from X ?
  3. What type of ion will be formed by an atom of element Y ? Write the symbol of ion formed.
  4. What will be the number of (i) protons (ii) electrons, and (iii) neutrons, in the ion formed from Y ?
  5. What is the atomic mass of (i) X, and (ii) Y ?
  6. What could the elements X and Y be ?
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Solution

  1. Element X consists of 17 protons and electrons and 18 neutrons. Element X will readily accept an electron to form a negatively charged anion.
    Symbol of the negatively charged X is X.
  2. In the ion formed by X:
      (i)  Number of protons = 17
      (ii) Number of electrons = 18
      (iii) Number of neutrons = 18
  3. Element Y consists of 11 protons and electrons and 12 neutrons. Element Y will readily lose an electron to form a positively charged cation.
    Symbol of the positively charged Y is Y+.
  4. In the ion formed by Y:
    (i) Number of protons = 11
    (ii) Number of electrons = 10
    (iii) Number of neutrons = 12
  5. (i) Atomic mass of X = number of protons of X + number of neutrons of X = 17 + 18 = 35 u
    (ii) Atomic mass of Y = number of protons of Y + number of neutrons of Y = 11 + 12 = 23 u
  6. Atomic number of X is 17; therefore, element X is chlorine.
    Atomic number of Y is 11; therefore, element Y is sodium.
Concept: Atoms and Molecules Numericals
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APPEARS IN

Lakhmir Singh Class 9 Chemistry - Science Part 2
Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules
Hots Questions | Q 50 | Page 153
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