In the following diagram, the path of a ray of light passing through a glass prism is shown:
In this diagram the angle of incidence, the angle of emergence and the angle of deviation respectively are (select the correct option):
(A) X, R and T
(B) Y, Q and T
(C) X, Q and P
(D) Y, Q and P
The angle made by the incident ray with the normal to the first face of the prism is called incident angle, which is angle Y here.
The angle made by the emergent ray with the normal to the surface when it comes out from the prism after refraction is called emergent angle, which is angle Q here.
The angle between the incident ray and the emergent ray is called angle of deviation, which is angle P here.
Hence, the correct option is D.