The angle of elevation of an aeroplane from a point on the ground is 60°. After a flight of 30 seconds the angle of elevation becomes 300 If the aeroplane is flying at a constant height of 3000 3 m, find the speed of the aeroplane.
Let P and Q be the two positions of the plane and A be the point of observation. Let ABC be the horizontal line through A.
It is given that angles of elevation of the plane in two positions P and Q from a point A are 60° and 30° respectively.
∠PAB = 60°, ∠QAB = 30°. It is also given that PB = 3000√3 meters
In ΔABP, we have
In ΔACQ, we have
AC = 9000 m
∴ Distance = BC = AC – AB = 9000m – 3000m = 6000m
Thus, the plane travels 6km in 30 seconds
Hence speed of plane = 6000/30 = 200 m/sec = 720km/h