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The 11th Term and the 21st Term of an A.P. Are 16 and 29 Respectively, Then Find - SSC (Marathi Semi-English) 10th - Algebra

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Question

The 11th term and the 21st term of an A.P. are 16 and 29 respectively, then find:
(a) The first term and common difference
(b) The 34th term
(c) ‘n’ such that tn = 55

Solution

(a) Let 'a' be the first term and 'd' the common difference of the given A.P.
For t11= 16, n ==11, we have

t11 = a(11-1)d

∴16 = a+10d         ..........(1)

for t21=29,n=21,we have

t21 = a+(21-1)d

∴29= a+20d         ...........(2)

Subtracting (1) from (2),we get

13 =10d⇒d=1.3

Substituting d = 1.3 in (1), we get

16=a+10(1.3)

∴16=a+13⇒1=3

Thus, the first term is 3 and the common difference is 1.3.

(b) For 34th term, n = 34, a = 3, d = 1.3

tn = a(n-1)d

∴t34= 3(34-1)(1.3)

      =3+33*1.3

      =3+42.9

      =45.9∴

Thus, the 34th term is 45.9.

(c) tn = 55, a = 3, d = 1.3

∴tn= a(n-1)d

∴55= 3(n-1)(1.3)

∴55-3= (n-1)(1.3)

∴(n-1)((1.3)=52

∴n-1= `52/1.3`

∴n-1= 40

∴n= 40+1

∴n= 41

 

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Solution The 11th Term and the 21st Term of an A.P. Are 16 and 29 Respectively, Then Find Concept: Arithmetic Progression.
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