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Technology is making advancements at a rapid rate but at the cost of a valued tradition - the crafts industry. The traditional crafts industry is losing a lot of its trained and skilled craftsmen. - English - Language and Literature

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Answer in Brief

Read the passage given below.

5

Technology is making advancements at a rapid rate but at the cost of a valued tradition - the crafts industry. The traditional crafts industry is losing a lot of its trained and skilled craftsmen. With that, the art of embellishing brass and copper utensils with fine engravings is also disappearing. The government has identified around 35 crafts as a languishing craft.

10

The speciality of handcrafted items is their design, an association with long traditions belonging to a specific region. The word ‘handcrafted’ does not imply the involvement of dexterous human fingers or an agile mind with a moving spirit anymore. Lessening drudgery, increasing production and promoting efficiency have taken precedence. The labour-saving devices are taking the place of handcrafted tools and this has jeopardized the skills of these artisans.

15

Mechanisation has made its way into everything - cutting, polishing, edging, designing etc. Ideally, the use of machinery should be negligible and the handicrafts should be made purely by hand with a distinguishable artistic appeal. However, with the exception of small-scale industries, the export units are mostly operated by machines. The heavily computerised designs contribute to faster production at lower costs.

20

Although mechanization of crafts poses a challenge to safeguarding traditional crafts, the artisans are lured with incentives in order to impart handicrafts training. Some makers do see machines as a time-saving blessing since they are now able to accomplish difficult and demanding tasks with relative ease. These machines might give a better 25finesse to these products but they don’t stand out as handcrafted. The quantity has overtaken quality in this industry.

30

A need to highlight the importance of the handmade aspect is required by both the government and private sectors, in order to amplify awareness and also support the culture of making handicrafts. A few artisans are still trying their best to rejuvenate and revive their culture and heritage but it’s an uphill task competing with the machine-made goods. A multitude of artisans have changed their professions and are encouraging their progeny to follow suit. There are others who have stayed their ground but are clearly inclined towards buying machines.

35

Nearly two decades ago, there were around 65 lakh artisans in the country. Three years ago, when the government started the process of granting a unique number to the artisans based on the Aadhaar card, 25 lakhs were identified. Loss of traditional crafts is clearly a worrying issue, but it stands to reason that forcing any artisan to follow old ways when concerns of livelihood overrule other considerations, is unfair.

Based on your understanding of the passage, answer the questions given below.

  1. What does the writer mean by calling handicrafts a ‘valued tradition’?
  2. Rewrite the following sentence by replacing the underlined phrase with a word that means the same from lines 5-15.
    If it continues, the workcation (work + vacation) trend will be a powerful boost to domestic tourism operators failing to make progress in the economic slump caused due to the pandemic.
  3. State any two reasons why artisans are choosing to work via machines rather than handcrafted tools.
  4. Why do the artisans need to be ‘lured with incentives’ to impart handicrafts training?
  5. List one likely impact of the support of government and private sectors towards the culture of making handicrafts.
  6. How does the writer justify an artist’s act of abandoning her/his traditional craft for a more lucrative option?
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Solution

  1. valued - showcase talents that are associated with artisans’ lifestyle and history.
    tradition - represent rich our artistic culture/ heritage/ tradition.
  2. If it continues, the workcation (work + vacation) trend will be a powerful boost to domestic tourism operators languishing in the economic slump caused due to the pandemic.
  3. Saves labour
    reduces drudgery
    increases production
    finesse
    efficiency
  4. Because if artisans impart training to mass/bulk producers, they run the risk of losing their traditional livelihood to them and hence need to be tempted via benefits or rewards, to do so.
  5. Creation of awareness and public support for the artisans and their work/more artisans would be incentivized to continue their tradition/artisans wouldn’t change their professions seeking a better livelihood.
  6. Via the argument that the artisans cannot be expected to continue their profession if it is not profitable, even though the loss of traditional crafts is perturbing.

Notes

Guidance:

i. The learner is required to respond to - Why are handicrafts valued? Why have they considered a part of our tradition?

  • Award maximum 1 mark for the complete correct answer.
  • Award partial credit of ½ mark if just ‘valued’/ ‘tradition’ is addressed in the response.

ii. 1 mark for the correct answer.

  • No partial credit.
  • No marks are to be deducted if the learner fails to rewrite the complete sentence and just lists the chosen meaning - the purpose of the given sentence is to share a context.

iii. The learner is required to state 2 clear points that indicate the advantage of using machines over working with hands and tools.

  • Award 1 mark for any two points (½ + ½).
  • ½ mark as partial credit for one point stated.

iv. The learner is required to rationalise why the bulk producers have to tempt/ attract/ entice artisans to share their craft secrets/ training with them.

  • Award 1 mark for complete rationalisation.
  • ½ mark for a partial explanation - just elaborating on either the reason or the effect.

v. The learner is required to list an advantage that is the outcome of the support of government and private sectors towards handicraft making.

  • Award 1 mark for anyone's impact.
  • No partial credit.

vi. The learner is required to state how the writer agrees that an artisan is justified in moving to options that pay better than traditional handicraft making, in order to support his livelihood.

  • Award 1 mark for the correct answer.
  • No partial credit.
  • No marks for lines just copied from the text.
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
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