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In Figure 5, a Triangle Pqr is Drawn to Circumscribe a Circle of Radius 6 Cm Such that the Segments Qt and Tr into Which Qr is Divided by the Point of Contact - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

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Question

In Figure 5, a triangle PQR is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 6 cm such that the segments QT and TR into which QR is divided by the point of contact T, are of lengths 12 cm and 9 cm respectively. If the area of ΔPQR = 189 cm2, then find the lengths of sides PQ and PR.

Solution

Let PQ and PR touch the circle at points S and U respectively. Join O with P, Q, R, S and U. 

We have, OS = OT = OU = 6 cm (Radii of the circle) 

QT = 12 cm and TR = 9 cm 

∴ QR = QT + TR = 12 cm + 9 cm = 21 cm 

Now, QT = QS = 12 cm (Tangents from the same point) 

TR = RU = 9 cm 

Let PS = PU = x cm 

Then, PQ = PS + SQ = (12 + x) cm and PR = PU + RU = (9 + x) cm 

It is clear that 

ar (ΔOQR) + ar (ΔOPR) + ar (ΔOPQ) = ar (ΔPQR) 

`rArr 1/2xxQRxxOT+1/2xxPRxxOU+1/2xxPQxxOS=189`     `(given : ar(Δ PQR)=189cm^2)`

`rArr 1/2xx21xx6+1/2xx(9+x)xx6+1/2xx(12+x)xx6=189`

`rArr 1/2xx6(21+9+x+12+x)=189` 

⇒ 3 (42 + 2x) = 189 

⇒ 42 + 2x = 63 

⇒ 2x = 21 

⇒ x = 10.5 

Thus, PQ = (12 + 10.5) cm = 22.5 cm and PR = (9 + 10.5) cm = 19.5 cm.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Solution In Figure 5, a Triangle Pqr is Drawn to Circumscribe a Circle of Radius 6 Cm Such that the Segments Qt and Tr into Which Qr is Divided by the Point of Contact Concept: Tangent to a Circle.
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