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Social Science: Events and Processes - Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation

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Describe any three suppressive measures taken by the British administration to clampdown on nationalists.

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Solution

Widespread protests were arranged against the Rowlatt Act of 1919. Rallies were organised in various cities; workers’ strike went on in railway workshops; shops were closed down and lines of communication were disrupted. Alarmed by the popular upsurge, the British tried to repress the nationalists movement by:

1. barring local leaders from Amritsar along with Mahatma Gandhi from entering Delhi

2. open firing upon a peaceful procession in Amritsar, which led to widespread attacks on banks, police stations, etc. Martial law was imposed.

3. forcing the satyagrahis to rub their noses on the ground, flogging people and bombing the villages

Concept: Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation
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