Social Science: Events and Processes - Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation

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Describe any three suppressive measures taken by the British administration to clampdown on nationalists.

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Solution

Widespread protests were arranged against the Rowlatt Act of 1919. Rallies were organised in various cities; workers’ strike went on in railway workshops; shops were closed down and lines of communication were disrupted. Alarmed by the popular upsurge, the British tried to repress the nationalists movement by:

1. barring local leaders from Amritsar along with Mahatma Gandhi from entering Delhi

2. open firing upon a peaceful procession in Amritsar, which led to widespread attacks on banks, police stations, etc. Martial law was imposed.

3. forcing the satyagrahis to rub their noses on the ground, flogging people and bombing the villages

Concept: Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation
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2013-2014 (March) Delhi Set 1

RELATED QUESTIONS

Two features A and B are marked in the political outline map of India given below. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:

A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1927.

B. The place which is associated with the movement of Indigo Planters.


“The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the notion of Swaraj”. Support the statement with arguments.


How (nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act 1919) was it organised?


How did different social groups conceive the idea of 'Non-Cooperation'? Explain with examples.


Three features A, B and C are marked on the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map

A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held.

B. The place associated with peasant's satyagraha.

C. The city associated with the Jallianwala Bagh incident. 

 


In which one of the following places Mahatma Gandhi organised Satyagraha for the first time in India?


Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked near them.

  1. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held.
  2. The city where the Jallianwalla Bagh incident took place.

(A) Two features ‘a’ and 'b’ are marked on the given political outline map of India(on page 11).  Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked near them:

(a) The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held.

(b) The place from where Gandhiji organized Satyagraha in favor of Indigo planters.


Answer the following question.
How did the Non-Cooperation movement start with the participation of middle-class people in the cities? Explain its impact on the economic front.


Read the given case and answer the questions that follow:

Mahatma Gandhi's thoughts on Satyagraha

'It is said of "passive resistance" that it is the weapon of the weak, but the power which is the subject of this article can be used only by the strong. This power is not passive resistance; indeed it calls for intense activity. The movement in South Africa was not passive but active ... .'

'Satyagraha is not a physical force. A satyagrahi does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not seek his destruction ... In the use of satyagraha, there is no ill-will whatever.

'Satyagraha is pure soul-force. 'Truth is the very substance of the soul. That why is this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it burns the flame of love ... Non-violence is the supreme dharma ...

'It is certain that India cannot rival Britain or Europe in force of arms. The British worship the war-god and they can all of them become, as they are becoming, bearers of arms. The hundreds of millions in India can never carry arms. They have made the religion of non-violence their own ...'

  1. What type of movement Gandhiji organised in South Africa?
  2. Why is satyagraha considered as pure soul-force?
  3. How has Gandhiji described passive resistance?

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