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Suppose There Are Two Consumers in the Market for a Good and Their Demand Functions Are as Follows: - Economics

Short Note

Suppose there are two consumers in the market for a good and their demand functions are as follows:

d1(p) = 20 − p for any price less than or equal to 20 and d1(p) = 0 at any price greater than 20.

d2(p) = 30 − 2p for any price less than or equal to 15 and d1(p) = 0 at any price greater than 15.

Find out the market demand function.

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Solution

d1 (p) = 20 - p `{(p, £, 20),(p ,>,20):}`

d2 ( p) = 30 - 2p  `{(p, £, 15),(p ,>,15):}`

For price less than Rs 15 (p 15)

Market demand for a good = d1 (p) + d2 (p)

= 20 − p + 30 − 2p

= 50 − 3p

For price more than Rs 15 but less than Rs 20 (15 <p 20)

Market demand = d1(p) + d2 (p)

= 20 − p + 0 (∵ for p > 15, d2 (p) = 0)

= 20 − p

For price more than Rs 20 (p > 20)

Market demand = d1(p) + d2 (p)

= 0 + 0 (∵ for p > 10, d1 (p) = 0, d2 (p) = 0)

= 0

Thus, market demand

= 50 − 3p if p ≤ 15

=20 − p if 15 < p ≤ 20

= 0 if p > 20 

Concept: Market Demand
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Economics Introductory Microeconomics
Chapter 2 Theory Of Consumer Behaviour
Exercise | Q 14 | Page 35
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