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Sucrose Decomposes in Acid Solution into Glucose and Fructose According to the First Order Rate Law with T1/2= 3 Hours. What Fraction of the Sample of Sucrose Remains After 8 Hours? - Chemistry

Sucrose decomposes in acid solution into glucose and fructose according to the first order rate law with t1/2= 3 hours. What fraction of the sample of sucrose remains after 8 hours?

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Solution

`t_(1/2)=3 Hours`

Now we know that,

`k=0.693/t_(1/2)=0.693/3=0.231 h^(-1)`

Put above value in the formula of first order reaction,

`k=2.303/t log([R]_0/([R]))=2.303/8log([R]_0/([R]))`

So,

`log([R]_0/([R]))=(0.231xx8)/2.303=0.8024`

Taking antilog on both sides,

`[R]_0/([R])=6.3445`

`[R]/[R]_0=0.158`

Fraction of the sample of sucrose remaining after 8 hours = 0.158

Concept: Integrated Rate Equations - Half-life of a Reaction
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