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Substantiate with the Help of One Example that in an Ecosystem Mutualists Tend to Co-evolve and - Biology

Question

Short Note

Substantiate with the help of one example that in an ecosystem mutualists 

tend to co-evolve and 

Solution

In nature, mutualists often co-evolve such as in Mediterranean orchid Ophrys. Ophrys employs sexual deceit to get pollinated by a species of bee. One petal of the flower resembles the female bee. If female bee changes its color pattern ever slightly the success of pollination will be reduced unless orchid flower co-evolves to maintain resemblance with the female bee. 

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