Study the pattern: 1 × 8 + 1 = 9 1234 × 8 + 4 = 9876 12 × 8 + 2 = 98 12345 × 8 + 5 = 98765 123 × 8 + 3 = 987 Write the next two steps. Can you say how the pattern works? - Mathematics

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Sum

Study the pattern:

1 × 8 + 1 = 9
12 × 8 + 2 = 98
123 × 8 + 3 = 987
1234 × 8 + 4 = 9876
12345 × 8 + 5 = 98765

Write the next two steps. Can you say how the pattern works?

(Hint: 12345 = 11111 + 1111 + 111 + 11 + 1).

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Solution

123456 × 8 + 6 = 987648 + 6 = 987654

1234567 × 8 + 7 = 9876536 + 7 = 9876543

Yes, the pattern works.

As 123456 = 111111 + 11111 + 1111 + 111 + 11 + 1,

123456 × 8 = (111111 + 11111 + 1111 + 111 + 11 + 1) × 8

= 111111 × 8 + 11111 × 8 + 1111 × 8 + 111 × 8 + 11 × 8 + 1 × 8

= 888888 + 88888 + 8888 + 888 + 88 + 8 = 987648

= 123456 × 8 + 6 = 987648 + 6 = 987654

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Chapter 2: Whole Numbers - Exercise 2.3 [Page 44]

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NCERT Mathematics Class 6 CBSE
Chapter 2 Whole Numbers
Exercise 2.3 | Q 5. | Page 44

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