Study Carefully the Following Pie-chart About the Incomesources of a City Budget and Write a Short Continuingparagraph Based on It in About 120 Words : - English


Study carefully the following pie-chart about the Income Sources of a City Budget and write a short continuing paragraph based on it in about 120 words :



The above pie chart is about the city budget through the income sources of 100% which is divided firstly with the local body tax [LBT] of 30% which follows with an equal contribution of city development charges as well as Property Tax at 18%. Other income contributes to 15% of the total followed by water charges at 7% While the smart city funds remain at 6% with the least percentage contribution of the Govt. Aid and Loan services which remain at 4% and 2% respectively.

Concept: Information Transfer
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2016-2017 (March) Set B


A1. Information Transfer (Non-verbal to verbal)

         'Transfer the following information into a paragraph form.

           Manuscripts collected from both students and teachers.


  Throughly screened, necessary additions, alterations. omissions are made.


                                 Preparing a rough draft


              Manuscripts along with a dummy sent to the printer


                                      Proof correction


                                  Sent for final printing


A2. Here are some tips about keeping healthy as given in a Science magazine. Read and
write in the form of Do's and Don'ts (table):

You must include vegetables and fruits in your diet and drink a lot of water. You should avoid junk food and aerated water. You shouldn't sit for long period of time. Rather you should exercise regularly. You shouldn't ignore the importance of good breathing habits. Try breathing deeply whenever you think of it. See to it that you leep for at least 7 hour a day. In fact, you should avoid irregular timings.

Read the following tree diagram about 'Morphemes' and write a short paragraph on it.

Read the following Intros of news items. Choose any ONE of them and write the headline, the dateline and a short continuing paragraph for it.
(i) A shortage of onions in Maharashtra has surged prices by 30 percent. It forced the authorities to import onions from abroad.
(ii) The birth anniversary of the late President Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was celebrated yesterday in Saraswati Kanya Pathshala as Teacher's Day.

Read the following extract and extend it by adding an imaginary paragraph of your own in about 120 words :

Rosalind and Orlando were married at once in the forest
and on the same day Oliver who was 110 longer selfish and married Celia. Just as they were going to be married, a mess,enger came to ask Duke senior to go back to his dukedom. Celia s fathcr; Duke Frederick, had mended his wicked ways and asked his brother to return.
Frederick had set out with a11 anny to fight the old Duke, but on his way he had met a wise and holy man, who had persuaded him that it was wrong and wicked to drive his elder brother from the court. So Frederick had given up the dukedom and the good.
Duke could go home again. There was great rejoicing in the forest of Arden, under the greenwood tree. Frederick was forgiven and Duke senior and his followers returned from the forest to live happily in their Own homes.

Read the following extract and extend it by adding an imaginary paragraph of your own in about 120 words:

[You may begin with: Mrs. Green: May I come in.......]
"May I come in?" asked the pink lady.
"Please come in," said my mother. "Do sit down. Do you require a room'?"
"Not today, thank you. I'm staying with Padre Dutt.
He insisted on putting me up. But I may want room for a day or two -- lust for old time's sake."
"You've stayed here before."
''A long time ago. I'm Mrs. Green, you know. The missing
Mrs. Green. The one for whom you put up that handsome tombstone in the cemetery. I was very touched by it. And I'm glad you didn't add 'Beloved wife of Henry Green' because I didn't' love him any more than he loved me.''
''Then - then - you aren't the skeleton?'' stammered my
''Do I look like a skeleton?''
''No!'' we said together.
· ''But we heard you disappeared,'' I said, ''and when we found that skeleton -''
''You put two and two together.''
''Well, it was Miss Kellner who convinced us,'' said my
mother. ''And you did disappear mysteriously. You were missing for years. And everyone knew Mr. Green was a philanderer!''
''Couldn't wait to get away from him," said the pink lady.
'Couldn't stand him anymore. He was a lady-killer, but not a real killer.''
''But your father ca1ne looking for you. Didn't you get in touch with him?''

Read the following extract and complete the table given below :
   Computer Assisted Language Leaming (CALL) materials come in two main formats: CD/DVD RO Ms and Web-based. Some are tailored to the content to be used in the classrooms whereas others can be used independently. CALL materials allow you to work at your own pace.
   Multimedia materials offer you the opportunity to take part in other computer-assisted activities, such as text-based gap-filling, multiple-choice and text reconstruction activities. Language teachers often develop such text-based CALL activities to accompany a particular course. CALL materials can be regularly updated.
   Because CALL learning activity types are usually designed from a template, they can sometimes be repetitive.
   A major advantage of CALL materials is that they offer instant feedback on your spoken or written performance. However, such feedback can be limited. If you are more interested in creating your own responses or elaborating on your ideas, you may find this type of Facebook frustrating. Web-based CALL materials can offer more variety through the use of hyperlinks, but feedback is still limited.
Just as representations of the cultures of the target language offered by courses using books; audio and videotapes can perpetuate stereotypes.

Computer Assisted Language Learning Material
Formats Advantages Disadvantages
 ------------and Web-based (a) content tailored for classroom use

(i) -------
  (b) ----------- (ii) limited feedback
  (c) ----------- (iii) ---------
  (d) offer opportunity to take part in other computer-assisted activities (iv)--------
  (e) -----------  
  (f) -----------  
  (g) offer variety  

Read the following tabular data and write a short paragraph regarding ‘The vacant seats in the Engineering and Pharmacy college’ :
Intake capacity
Vacant seats
1, 55, 102
42, 497
1, 65, 413
55, 107
Post - graduation
13, 651
1, 810
9, 712
12, 959
1, 771
Post - graduation
5, 296
3, 506

Read the following extract and complete the tree – diagram given below:

The brief, bright streaks of light in the night sky are known as meteors. Those fall all the way to the ground are called meteorites. Meteorites can be divided into three broad categories: iron, stony – iron and stony.
Iron meteorites are mostly made of metals nickel and iron. They are not very common. Nearly 50,000 years ago, an iron meteorite, Canyon Diablo, which created a crater a nearly a mile wide and 6 feet deep, known as Meteor Crater, was found in Arizona.
Stony – iron meteorites rarely land on our planet. They are made of iron – nickel alloy mixed with non – metallic matter similar to the outer layers of the earth. Such a meteorite weighing more than one and a half tons was found in Huckitta, Australia in 1924.
There are three sub – types of stony meteorites. The first is the chondrites which make up 86 percent of meteorites.
Carbonaceous chondrites are another rare type of stony meteorites. The most famous of these fell in Murchison, Australia in 1969. It contains evidence that life on earth did not begin here. The last type, the anchondrites are also rare. Scientists say that such matter was once part of Mars and our own moon.

Study carefully the following pie-chart of global mango production and write a short paragraph comparing the production shares in about 120 words :
Global Mango Production
(Shares in %)


Read the following graph regarding ‘High Awareness but Little Action’ about organ donation. Write a paragraph based on it in about 120 words:

Read the following extract and extend it by adding an imaginary paragraph of your own in about 120 words :

    Someone was standing in the doorway. An elderly woman,
very fluffy, very pink. Her cheeks were pink, her dress was pink,
her hair was bunched up and white. She was straight out of Agatha Christie.
        "Miss Marple!" I exclaimed.
        ''May I come in?" asked the pink lady.
       "Please come in " said my mother. ''Do sit down. Do you
  require a room?" '
     ''Not today, thank you. l'm staying with Padre Dutt. He insisted on putting me up. But I may want a room for a day or two - just for old times' sake."
     "You've stayed here before."
     "A long time ago. I'm Mrs Green, you know. The missing
Mrs Green. The one for whom you put up that handSome tombstone in the cemetery. I was very touched by it. And I'm glad you didn't add ' Beloved "wife of Henry Green ', because I didn't love him any more than he loved me."

Information Transfer - 

Look at the following web chart and write a short paragraph based on it in about 120 words. Suggest a suitable title :

The following graph shows the number of visitors (in millions) visiting the famous Salarjung Museum in Hyderabad between 2000 and 2010 as well  as the number of visitors expected to visit it in the next ten years.

The chart below shows information on the economics of the Annual
Sports Meet. Study the chart carefully.

The Economics of the Annual Sports Meet


The total cost estimated of the Meet will be~ 11, 00, 000/-

No of athletes : 1250 (750 Girls+ 500 Boys; Category wise: sub-junior:                                    350, junior: 500 and senior: 400)

Staff on Duty :    Teachers: 95 (35 men + 60 women), Support Staff 40                               (21 men + 19 women), Staff on Parking and Security                                  duty : 25 (20 men+ 5 women)

No of events :    100 ( 70 Track & Field events and 30 Jumps and                                          Throws)

Medals           : 100 Gold, 100Silver& 100Bronze

Best Athlete Trophies :  Boys: 3, Girls: 3

Best House Trophies :  4( 1 for each category and 1 over all)

Suppose you are the Prin cipal of the school. Taking information from the chart, prepare an oral presentation for the Management Committee of the school. Use as many expressions of comparison as you can. You have been given some examples.

Look at the graph and the paragraph below which provides an interpretation of the data given in the graph.
Graph to show number of whales caught in Antarctic (1985-2010)

As whalers reduced catching of the large/r whales, they switched to smaller species. This is evident when we compare figures for the Antarctic catch of the larger sei whale with those for small minke whale. In 1985, fifteen times as many sei whales as minke whales were caught. By 1995, catches of both the species were virtually the same (9000). By the 2000, the situation had reversed and the number of minke whales killed more than doubled as compared to sei whales (6000). The graph shows that while the sei catch was reduced by 95% between 1985 and 2010, over the same period the minke whale catch was eight times greater. If these trends continue, the situation for the smaller species will be as bad as it used to be for the larger ones.

Discuss with a partner:

1. What expressions have been used for comparing the data? Underline them.
2. Does the analysis identify the main trends? Has any projection or guess been made based on the available data?
3. Can you spot a sentence that summarizes the data or draws a conclusion based on it?
4. Has the analysis been supported with figures from the given data?
5. Is there any unnecessary repetition?
6. How many times has the verb 'be' in its different forms been used? Some useful expressions :

{much ,many, far ,slightly, a little}

more, greater,higher, less, lower, further, farther

{half, twice, ten times, (etc.)}

as  { adj. adv.} as

10 percent

150 percent

{more  less } than

almost the same ____ as  
as {adj adv.} as  

The graph below describes the average number of hours spent by students aged 11-15 years on two activities (per student per week) in India between 1985 and 2010 and gives projections for 2015. Study the information carefully and then write a paragraph interpreting the data. Include the following:

• A comparison of the trends in the two activities
• A comparison of the situation in 1985
• A comparison of the situation between 1985 and 2010
• Predictions for the future

A survey was conducted among the teachers of New Hope High School to find out whether Class X students should be allowed to use mobile phones in the campus. The results of the survey are shown in the pie-chart below.

Look at the pie chart and the useful expressions above. Fill in the gaps in the following summary of results.

As can be seen from the above pie-chart, nearly a__________ of the teachers felt that Class X students must not be allowed to use mobile phones in the school campus. However, nearly one____________ believed
the phones should be permitted but not during class hours. About __________were of the opinion that the students may be allowed to use these phones only in times of emergency while a very__________ did not favour any restrictions on their use in the campus.

A school carried out two surveys in Class X. Look at the pie charts below and write short summaries of the results as in the model above.







Read the following information and prepare a pie diagram for the same

Annual Water Usage in Maharashtra

Water is life. It is a universal solvent and an important resource. The annual usage of water differs in various sectors of Maharashtra. The major occupation of Maharashtra being agriculture, the maximum amount of available water is used for irrigation that is 86%. The distant following place 7% is contributed by domestic sector including drinking, washing, cooking, etc. There is a close competition of other sectors which is not far away with 6% usage of water. One of the key factors which plays an important role in the development of a nation is industrial sector. The consumption of water by industrial sector is very negligible which is 1%. We know energy sector plays a vital role in the development of a nation.
In this sector, the use of water is almost nil. If we try to observe its place in the chart we do realise that it holds 0% usage and is yet to open its account.

Read the following extract and complete the table given below about 'Types of Diseases':

         Health is defined as not simply the absence of disease. It involves a state of feeling well, both in body and in mind. 

      The diseases may be classified into the following types, Some diseases are present at birth. They are called congenital diseases. They may develop during pregnancy or are inherited, Some of them may be caused by environmental factors. Examples of congenital diseases are Down's syndrome, sickle cell anaemia, cystic fibrosis, haemophilia, etc.

      Some diseases are acquired by humans themselves and hence are called Self-Inflicted or Acquired diseases. Examples of acquired diseases are coronary heart diseases, hypertension.

      Some diseases are transmitted from one person to another. They are called as Communicable or Infectious diseases. They are caused by biological agents, Examples of communicable diseases are Cholera, Typhoid, Measles, Malaria, etc.

      Non- communicable diseases are caused by exogenous factors like physical, chemical, nutritional deficiencies. The examples are Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets, etc.  


Sr.No. Types  Causes


1. Congenital


develop during pregnancy

o environmental factors 

2. Self-Inflicted Acquired   Coronary heart disease. hypertension
3.   By biological agents Cholera, typhoid, measles, malaria
4.  Non-communicable diseases   Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets

Extend the given extract by adding an imaginary paragraph of your own (about 120 words)

A couple of days later, I was walking around the camp, around the barracks, near the barbed-wire fence where the guards could not easily see. I was alone.

On the other side of the fence, I spotted someone: a little girl with light, almost luminous curls. She was half-hidden behind a birch tree.

I glanced around to make sure no one saw me. I called to her softly in German. 'Do you have something to eat?'

She didn't understand.

I inched closer to the fence and repeated the question in polish. She stepped forward. I was thin and gaunt, with rags wrapped around my feet, but the girl looked unafraid. In her eyes, I saw life.

She pulled an apple from her woollen jacket and threw it over the fence.

I grabbed the fruit and, as I started to run away, I heard her say faintly, 'I'II see you tomorrow."

Information Transfer (Non-verbal to Verbal):

Transfer the given information into a paragraph.

Do anyone of the following activities.

Transfer the given information into a paragraph.

Look at the table given below and write a short paragraph based on it in about 120 words :
The following table shows irregular rainfall causing low groundwater level in Nashik district, and Talukawise its worst hit villages.

Drop in water level Talukas
0 to 1 meter Nashik, Igatpuri, Niphad, Chandwad, Kalwan, Deola, Tryambakeshwar
1 to 2 meters Sinnar, Yeola, Nandgaon, Satana, Malegaon
Worst Hit Areas
Talukas Situation over coming months
Oct.-Dec. Jan-Mar. Apr.-June Total
Igatpuri 01 06 49 56
Malegaon 31 54 37 122
Nandgaon 08 17 37 62
Niphad 01 04 47 52
Source: Times of India, Nashik Times, City Edn.
 Date: Oct. 18, 2018

Read the following paragraph and transfer the information in the form of a tree diagram:

The United Nations was established at the end of the second world war to maintain international peace and security.
 In the central system of the UN, there are 15 members of the Security Council. The Economic and Social Council has 54 members. The Secretariat of the United Nations is headed by Secretary-General.
 The UN has several specialized agencies such as the World Health Organisation (WHO), the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). 

Views :
Develop a paragraph on the view by using the points given below : 

(i) Read the following tree diagram and find out more information about opportunities in ‘on and off the shore’ the Indian Navy.

(ii) Required qualifications and various fields/opportunities for women to join in the Navy.

(iii) Colleges that provide education in oceanography - 

  • National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
  • National Institute of Oceanography, Mumbai
  • MBA (Logistic Shipping Management), IIKM Business School, Calicut, Kerala
  • Indira Gandhi College of Distance Education IGCDE Tamil Nadu.

Verbal to Non-Verbal:

Read the following information and complete the following table below it:

Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon will, for the first time, unravel secrets around the Moon’s the South Pole. Chandrayaan-2 is a three-part spacecraft - an orbiter, a lander, and a rover. The lander is named Vikram after Vikram Sarabhai, the founder of the Indian space programme. The rover is named Pragyan, meaning ‘wisdom’.
Chandrayaan-2 was launched on 22 July atop ISRO’s GSLV Mk-III at 2:43 p.m. from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota. Performing as expected, the rocket released Chandrayaan-2 in a highly elliptic orbit around Earth about 17 minutes later. In fact, it was released 6,000 km higher than planned. The solar arrays on Chandrayaan-2 deployed smoothly as the probe began its journey.

  Table Information
1. Name of the Mission  
2. Date of Launch  
3. Centre of Launch  
4 Name of the Rover  
5. Founder of Indian Space Programme  

Information Transfer:

1) Non-verbal to verbal:

Read the information given in the following tree diagram regarding “Types of vitamins” Write a paragraph with the given points and give suitable title to it.


2) Verbal to Non-Verbal:

Your friend lives in red zone area of COVID 19 epidemic. In order to take safety measures at entrances of building, here are some tips to reduce risk of infection. Put the instructions in do's and don't.

  • You should wash your hands often.
  • Use soap and water or sanitizer.
  • You should cover your mouth and nose if you cough or sneeze
  • You should not get close to anyone who is suffering from cold, fever or cough.
  • If you go out you should not touch the animals.
  • You should keep atleast 1 meter physical distance between yourself and other person.
  • You should not shake your hands with others.
  • You should try to avoid crowd/mass gathering.
  Do’s Don’t

Information Transfer:

1) Non-verbal to verbal:

Write two short paragraphs on ‘Village life’ by using the points given in the following web diagram:


2) Verbal to Non-verbal:

Read the following paragraph and complete the table by putting in the correct information. Suggest a suitable title.

           While preparing to plant trees in a residential colony, highways or anywhere, one should consider three factors for taking a decision. What kind of (species) trees, where to plant and what kind of soil. One should consider the qualities of a tree such as a pattern of branching and its height.
            If it is a school, you need shade-giving trees of moderate height so that children can play under them and not be hurt when they climb on them.
           In residential colonies, trees with thick branches, like Eucalyptus or Ashoka should be chosen to control pollution and trap dust. Similarly, the nature of the soil too should be considered.
            If you are planting trees by the road side, it withstands the topical monsoon and provides shade in summer.
            On highways, the well-known choice would be the native trees like Tamarind or Peepal. They do not need much care. Birds and animals interact more easily with native trees than the exotic ones. Villagers too consider such native trees to be sacred as the abode of gods.

Title: __________________________________

Kinds of trees Where to plant Uses
1) Shade-giving
(short trees)
________________ a) Children climb and play
b) Enjoy shade of a tree
2) ___________
(tall trees)
Residential colonies a) Withstand the wind
b) _____________
3) ______________
(native trees)
Rode side/highway a) Birds and animals interact more with the native trees.
b) Villagers consider them sacred.

Study the concept chart from the self-help magazine section of a monthly publication.

Write a paragraph in not more than 120 words, analysing the listed responses to the situation when one faces setbacks.

Transfer the given information in the form of a paragraph.


Non-verbal to verbal:

The following diagram shows important factors to be considered while choosing a career. Write a paragraph based on it. Give a suitable title to it:

Verbal to Non-verbal:

Read the following statements and prepare a chart of 'Dos' and 'Don'ts'. Suggest a suitable title for it.

Nature is abode for all of us. lt provides us with all our basic needs. However, we must take care of the following things so that our mother nature is not harmed.

  • We must plant more trees.
  • We should not cut trees.
  • We must keep our area neat and clean.
  • We should never discharge garbage without proper management.
  • We should not pollute air and water.
  • We should not use plastic bags.
  • We should not hunt birds or animals.
  • We should use more of public transport.
  • We should spread awareness about the importance of maintaining balance in nature.

Gurmeet Kaur is an aspiring candidate for a public- funded engineering college in the suburbs. She belongs to a nearby village, has minimal technological skills and exposure, has the required cut-off percentage and is looking for a complete or partial scholarship.

Write a paragraph in about 100-120 words analysing her SWOT notes to support your stand on whether she should /not join the college.


  • Strong Curriculum
  • Quality faculty
  • Vibrant Activity Clubs
  • Green location
  • Close proximity to residential areas


  • Lack of diversity
  • Students’ behavioural problems
  • No hostel facility
  • Slow repair and maintenance work
  • Underutilization of IT Services
  • Lack of targeted advertisements to out-state students


  • Practice based research
  • Partnership with professional organisations
  • Strong alumni
  • Acclaimed Student Exchange
    Programme with European countries


  • Lack of publicity in areas of excellence
  • Public perception towards funded colleges
  • Declining students’ interest towards technical subjects
  • Low employee morale due to budget cuts

A group of enterprising young adults conducted a survey on reopening of educational institutions in the National Capital.

Write a paragraph in about 120 words analysing the listed responses.

A survey was conducted in the National Capital in over twenty schools about 40 different activities that interest the children in the age group of 13 years to 15 years. Write a paragraph in not more than 120 words, analyzing the following information.

Non–verbal to verbal:

Given below is a web diagram containing information about the different means of electronic devices of entertainment-some audio, some visual and some audio-visual.

Write a short paragraph based on information from the web. Give a suitable title to it.

Verbal to Non-verbal:

Draw a table of comparison (tabular form) between Amir and Anita that includes the information given below. Give a suitable title:

Amir and Anita are good neighbours. They are cooperative and have happy families. Amir, an 18-year young chap is in std. 12 and goes to a famous college in the city. Anita, a 16-year charming girl will appear for her 10th class Board Exam this year.

Amir’s father a big businessman in the city and Anita’s father is a government officer. Amir’s mother, a housewife, helps his father in their family business also. Anita’s mother is a doctor and has her own clinic.

Amir is a good sportsman who likes to play outdoor games on the contrary Anita likes to remain indoors and enjoys indoor games. Amir is strong and dynamic. Though strong Anita is sensitive also. Photography and bird-watching are my interests of Amir. Anita spends her time in her hobbies of singing and painting.

Amir after his 12th exam wants to pursue his career in wild-life photography. Anita would like to join Arts stream after her Board Exams.


  Amir Anita
(1) Age    
(2) Class    
(3) Father's occupation    
(4) Mother's occupation    
(5) His/Her qualities    
(6) His/Her hobbies/ interest    
(7) His/Her ambitions/future plans    

Non-verbal to Verbal:

Transfer the given information into a paragraph. Suggest a suitable title:

  Caused by Man Caused by Nature Solutions
i. Too many people Droughts

Stricter laws to control population.

ii. More agricultural land required to meet the needs of the ever growing populations Floods Stricter laws and proper execution of laws
iii. Cutting of forests for wood etc. Forest fires Use alternative products.
iv. Poaching by hunters. - Reduce demand for illegal wildlife parts and products by not purchasing products made from these items.

Non-verbal to verbal:

Read the information given in the following tree-diagram and write two short paragraphs based on it. Give a suitable title to your write up:

Verbal to Non-verbal:

Read the following information and complete the given table below. Suggest a suitable title to it:

Chandrayaan-1 was India's first mission to the moon. It launched on Oct. 22, 2008 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India. Its scientific goals are to study the chemical, mineralogical and photogeological mapping of the moon. In addition to find out water on the moon. Then to perform high resolution remote sensing of the moon’s surface.

The Chandrayaan-2 mission was successfully launched on 22nd July, 2019 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. The primary objectives were to demonstrate the ability to soft land and operate a robotic rover on the lunar surface. The mission was arranged to study the lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance and the lunar ecosphere, conduct a detailed search for water and ice in polar region.

Chandrayaan 2’s objectives are to find Chandrayaan-1 as reported by the ISRO. The mission targeted the “South Polar region” of the moon which was completely unexplored. The mission focused on the extensive mapping of the lunar surface for studying variations in its composition and tracing the moon's origin and evolution.

Chandrayaan-3 launched to the moon on July 14, 2023 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India, the medium-life launch vehicle Mark-III (LVM3) rocket. The three main objectives of Chandrayaan-3 are to land safely on the surface, to demonstrate rover operations and to perform scientific experiments on site, according to the official website.

Title: __________________

Name of Chandrayaan Date of launching Objectives of Mission


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