Social Science: Popular Struggles and Movements - Concept of Popular Struggles and Movements


"The struggle of the Nepali people is a source of inspiration to democrats all over the world." Support the statement.

How has the struggle of the Nepali people become a source of inspiration to democrats all over the world? Explain.


Solution 1

Nepal witnessed an extraordinary popular movement in April 2006, which aimed at restoring democracy. This struggle is a source of inspiration to democrats all over the world because it served as a great example of peoples' power, unity and determination. It unified people from all walks of life including the Maoist insurgents and various other organisations to join hands in favour of restoration of democracy. People were determined and defied curfew and took to the streets. They demanded restoration of parliament, power to an all-party government and a new constituent assembly resisting all the restrictions that were imposed on them. As a result, on 24 April 2006, that is, the last day of the ultimatum, the king was forced to concede all the demands of people and democracy was restored.

Solution 2

Nepal’s second struggle for democracy has been a source of inspiration to all democrats all over the world. The events and the result of the movement are responsible for such an assertion. The following points will explain the movement:

Nepal won democracy in the year 1990 though the king remained the head of the State. The real power was exercised by popularly elected representatives. King Birendra accepted this transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy.

King Birendra was killed in a mysterious massacre of the royal family in 2001. King Gyanendra, the new king of Nepal was not prepared to accept democratic rule. As a result, in February 2005, the king dismissed the then Prime Minister and dissolved the popularly elected Parliament.

The movement of 2006 was aimed at regaining popular control over the government from the king. All the major political parties in Parliament (Seven Party Alliance of Nepal) called for a 4 day strike and this protest soon turned into indefinite strike in which many other organisations joined hands.

People defied curfews and took to the streets. Even the security forces could not subdue them as more than 1 lakh people gathered almost every day to demand the restoration of democracy.

They stuck to their demands of restoring the parliament, power to an all–party government and a new constituent assembly.

On the last day of this protest movement, the king was forced to meet all the demands of the people. As a result, SPA chose Girija Prasad Koirala as the Prime Minister and the restored parliament passed various laws taking away most of the powers from the king.

Thus, democracy was restored in Nepal

Concept: Concept of Popular Struggles and Movements
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2014-2015 (March) Delhi Set 1


Describe the popular struggle of Bolvia.

Three Features A, B and C are marked on the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:

A. The place where the cotton mill workers organized Satyagraha.

B. The place related to the calling off the Non – Cooperation Movement.

C. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held.

Explain the main features of this 'swaraj flag.'

Which one of the following political parties came to power in Bolivia in 2006?
(A) The Communist Party
(B) The Republican Party
(C) The Socialist Party
(D) The Conservative Party

"Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in different ways." Support the statement with suitable examples.

Why did a major protest erupt in 1926 in the Saigon Native Girls School in Vietnam? Explain.

Explain the idea of Satyagraha according to Gandhiji.

Explain with examples the role of industrialist in the freedom struggle of India.

Match List I with list II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:


List I


List II


Pressure group


Narmada Bachao Andolan


Long-term movement


Asom Gana Parishad


Single issue movement


Women’s Movement


Political party


Fertilizer dealers’ association


























Mewat is one of the most backward areas in Haryana. It used to be a part of two districts, Gurgaon and Faridabad. The people of Mewat felt that the area will get better attention if it were to become a separate district. But political parties were indifferent to this sentiment. The demand for a separate district was raised by Mewat Educational and Social Organisation and Mewat Saksharta Samiti in 1996. Later, Mewat Vikas Sabha was founded in 2000 and carried out a series of public awareness campaigns. This forced both the major parties, Congress and the Indian National Lok Dal, to announce their support for the new district before the assembly elections held in February 2005. The new district came into existence in July 2005.

In this example what is the relationship that you observe among movement, political parties and the government? Can you think of an example that shows a relationship different from this one?


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