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What Are the Characteristics of Prokaryotic Cells? - CBSE (Science) Class 11 - Biology

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Question

What are the characteristics of prokaryotic cells?

Solution

Characteristics of prokaryotic cells are as follows:

  • The prokaryotic cell is essentially a single – envelope system.
  • Prokaryotes lack membrane bound cell organelles.
  • Prokaryotes have 70S ribosomes.
  • DNA is naked and lies coiled in cytoplasm. It is not covered by nuclear membrane and is termed as nucleoid.
  • Nuclear components, like, nuclear envelope, nucleolus, nucleoplasm are absent.
  • Cell wall is present in bacteria and cyanobacteria, but absent in mycoplasma.
  • Multiplies by asexual reproduction.
  • Transcription and translation takes place in cytoplasm.
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Solution What Are the Characteristics of Prokaryotic Cells? Concept: Structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells.
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