Explain basic nature of amines.
Nitrogen atom of amines contains a lone pair of electrons which can be donated. Thus, amines act as Lewis bases. Amines are Lowry-Bronsted bases as they accept a proton. Thus, amines act as bases and nucleophiles.
a. The reaction of ethylamine with dilute hydrochloric acid results in the formation
of ethyl ammonium chloride.
Ethylamine Ethyl ammonium
b. The reaction of aniline with dilute hydrochloric acid results in the formation of