Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 12th Board Exam
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State with Reason Whether You 'Agree' Or 'Disagree' with the Following Statement. - Economics

MCQ
True or False

State with reason whether you 'agree' or 'disagree' with the following statement.

Credit creation of commercial banks is based on primary deposits.

Options

  • Agree 

  • Disagree

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Solution

Ans. I do agree with the statement. This is because.

Credit Creation :
The main source of funds, which is available to commercial banks, is in the form of deposits from the public.
 
Primary Deposits :
Primary deposits are also known as cash deposits. Such deposits refer to money deposited by the people in the form of cash with the banks. These deposits are withdrawable by the depositors.
A part of these deposits are kept by the bank, to meet the demand for cash of the depositor. This is termed as minimum cash reserves. The banks are able to do with a very small reserve because all depositors do not withdraw money at the same time.
 
For example, let us suppose that every bank has to keep 20%, of its deposits as cash reserve and advances loans from 80% of its deposits. Bank 'A' receives a primary deposit of Rs. 10,000/- retains, 20% as cash reserve and lends Rs. 8,000/- to a businessman who deposits it in bank Rs. B'. The bank 'B' would lend Rs.  6,400/- after retaining Rs. 1,600/- The amount of Rs. 6400/- is deposited in bank 'C', which retains Rs. 1,280/- and lends Rs. 5,120/-. The amount Rs. 5120/- is deposited in bank 'D'. The bank D would lend Rs. 4096/- after retaining Rs. 1024/-. This process ends at the stage where the subsequent banks receive too small amount as primary deposit to advance any loans from it. The following table summaries this process.
 
Banks
Primary Deposit
Reserves
Secondary Deposits
Loans
A
10000
2000
8000
8000
B
8000
1600
6400
6400
C
6400
1280
5120
5120
D
5120
1024
4096
4096
Concept: Commercial Banks
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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