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State Which of These Were Reasons for the Defeat of the Congress in 1967. Give Reasons for Your Answer? - Political Science

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Answer in Brief

State which of these were reasons for the defeat of the Congress in 1967. Give reasons for your answer?
(a) The absence of a charismatic leader in the Congress party.
(b) Split within the Congress party.
(c) Increased mobilisation of regional, ethnic and communal groups.
(d) Increasing unity among non-Congress parties.
(e) Internal differences within the Congress party.

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Solution

  1. It may not be the reason of the defeat of Congress party. Because there were so many experienced and charismatic leaders in the party.
  2. It was one of the main reasons of the defeat of Congress party. Now party was split into two groups. Syndicate had strong hold over the Congress party while Indira supporters were more inclined to their leader. One group was in support of capitalism and liberalisation while others opposed it.
  3. Due to the emergence of the Akali Dal in Punjab, D.M.K. in Tamil Nadu got and other regional parties, Congress setback. The party could not get majority at the centre and had to be deprived of power in various states.
  4. There was no unity among non-Congress parties. So the non-Congress parties got benefit in other provinces.
  5. Internal differences within the party were one of the major causes of its defeat
Concept: Fourth General Elections, 1967
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence
Chapter 5 challenges to and restoration of the congress system
Exercise | Q 6 | Page 100
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