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State How Has Agrobacterium Tumifaciens Been Made a Useful Cloning Vector to Transfer Dna to Plant Cells - Biology

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State how has Agrobacterium tumifaciens been made a useful cloning vector to transfer DNA to plant cells.

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Solution

Agrobacterium is a bacterium that infects plant tissues by transferring its plasmid T-DNA to the plant genome. This property of Agrobacterium is exploited in the biotechnology industry.

The desired gene that has to be to transferred to a particular plant is inserted in a plasmid T-DNA of Agrobacterium. Then, this engineered Agrobacterium is allowed to infect that particular plant, so that it can transfer the desired gene to the plant genome through its T-DNA. In this way, the desired changes are made in the plant.

Concept: Tools of Recombinant Dna Technology - Cloning Vectors
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