State Any Three Goals of the Human Genome Project - Biology (Theory)

Short Note

State any three goals of the human genome project.

What is the goal of Human Genome Project (HGP). 


Solution 1

Goals of human genome project are:

1) Determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up human DNA, and

2) Identifying and mapping all the genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpoint.

Solution 2

Goals of Human Genome Project:

  1. Determine the sequence and number of all the base pairs (three billion) in the human genome – gene mapping.
  2. Identify all the genes (25000) present in human DNA.
  3. Determine the function of all the genes and identify the various genes that cause genetic disorders.
  4. Store the information in data base.
  5. Improve tools for data analysis.
  6. Find out possibilities of transfer of technology developed during HGP to industry.
  7. Address ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.
  8. To have greater understanding of process of human evolution.
  9. To understand more about genetic structure functions, gene mutation, expression and methods to control them.  
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In which of the following haploid cells a whole genome in human being is present?

  1. sperm
  2. somatic cell
  3. mature RBC
  4. primary spermatocyte

What does abbreviation HGP stand for?

What do 'Y' and 'B' stand for in 'YAC' and 'BAC' used in Human Genome Project (HGP).

Mention their role in the project.

Why is the Human Genome project called a mega project?

The pairing of homologous chromosomes is call______

(a) crossing over

(b) terminalization

(c) synapsis

(d) bivalent

Define ‘genomics’. Give any ‘two’ applications of it.

Give one significant contribution to the following scientists:


Answer the following question.
Write the basis on which Alfred Sturtevant explained gene mapping.

Short Answer Question:

Write a note on Human genome project (HGP).

HGP is the window for the treatment of various genetic disorders. Justify the statement.

Identify the main aims of Human Genome Project.

I. Taking care of the legal, ethical and social issues which may arise from the project.

II. Transfer of the related technologies to the private sectors, such as industries.

III. To develop tools and techniques for analysis of the data.

IV. To store the information collected from the project in databases.

V. Mapping the entire human genome at the level of nucleotide sequences.

In which year the Human Genome Project was completed?

In which of the following year the Human Genome Project (HGP) was initiated?

The size of genome of Methanococcus is ____________.

Which was the last human chromosome to be completely sequenced?

Haemophilia is more common in males because it is a ____________.

A colourblind mother and normal father would have ______.

A colourblind woman marries a normal visioned male. In the offspring ______.

Human genome consists of approximately ______.

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was initiated in ______

The commonly used vector in human genome project was ______.

How has the sequencing of human genome opened new windows for treatment of various genetic disorders. Discuss amongst your classmates.

The total number of genes in humans is far less (< 25,000) than the previous estimate (upto 1,40,000 gene). Comment.

Write the aims of the human genome project.

The study of human genome project was possible because of the process of ______.

Human Genome Project (HGP) was a mega project launched in the year 1990 with some important goals.

Name any one common non-human animal model organism which has also been sequenced thereafter.

What are VNTRs?

When was Human Genome Project started? When was it completed?

Name the gas released and the process responsible for puffing up bread dough when Saccharomyces cerevisiae is added to it.


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