State Any Three Goals of the Human Genome Project - Biology (Theory)

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Short Note

State any three goals of the human genome project.

What is the goal of Human Genome Project (HGP). 

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Solution 1

Goals of human genome project are:

1) Determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up human DNA, and

2) Identifying and mapping all the genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpoint.

Solution 2

Goals of Human Genome Project:

  1. Determine the sequence and number of all the base pairs (three billion) in the human genome – gene mapping.
  2. Identify all the genes (25000) present in human DNA.
  3. Determine the function of all the genes and identify the various genes that cause genetic disorders.
  4. Store the information in data base.
  5. Improve tools for data analysis.
  6. Find out possibilities of transfer of technology developed during HGP to industry.
  7. Address ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.
  8. To have greater understanding of process of human evolution.
  9. To understand more about genetic structure functions, gene mutation, expression and methods to control them.  
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